< c‎ | io
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Defined in header <stdio.h>

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FILE *freopen( const char *filename, const char *mode, FILE *stream );

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FILE *freopen( const char *restrict filename, const char *restrict mode,
               FILE *restrict stream );

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Reassigns an existing file stream stream to a different file identified by filename using specified mode. mode is used to determine the new file access mode.



filename - file name to associate the file stream to
mode - null-terminated character string determining new file access mode
File access
mode string
Meaning Explanation Action if file
already exists
Action if file
does not exist
"r" read Open a file for reading read from start failure to open
"w" write Create a file for writing destroy contents create new
"a" append Append to a file write to end create new
"r+" read extended Open a file for read/write read from start error
"w+" write extended Create a file for read/write destroy contents create new
"a+" append extended Open a file for read/write write to end create new
File access mode flag "b" can optionally be specified to open a file in binary mode. This flag has effect only on Windows systems.
On the append file access modes, data is written to the end of the file regardless of the current position of the file position indicator.
File access mode flag "x" can optionally be appended to "w" or "w+" specifiers. This flag forces the function to fail if the file exists, instead of overwriting it. (C11)
When using fopen_s or freopen_s, file access permissions for any file created with "w" or "a" prevents other users from accessing it. File access mode flag "u" can optionally be prepended to any specifier that begins with "w" or "a", to enable the default fopen permissions. (C11)
stream - the file stream to modify

Return value

stream on success, NULL on failure


The following code redirects stdout to a file

#include <stdio.h>
int main()
    printf("stdout is printed to console");
    freopen("redir.txt", "w", stdout);
    printf("Stdout is redirected to a file");


stdout is printed to console

See also

Template:c/io/dcl list fopenTemplate:c/io/dcl list fclose
C++ documentation for freopen