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std::copy_backward

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Defined in header <algorithm>
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template< class BidirIt1, class BidirIt2 >
BidirIt2 copy_backward( BidirIt1 first, BidirIt1 last, BidirIt2 d_last );
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Copies the elements from the range, defined by [first, last), to another range ending at d_last. The elements are copied in reverse order (the last element is copied first), but their relative order is preserved.

Contents

Parameters

first, last - the range of the elements to copy
d_last - end of the destination range. If d_last is within [first, last), std::copy must be used instead of std::copy_backward.
Type requirements
-
BidirIt must meet the requirements of BidirectionalIterator.

Return value

iterator to the last element copied.

Complexity

Exactly last - first assignments.

Notes

When copying overlapping ranges, std::copy is appropriate when copying to the left (beginning of the destination range is outside the source range) while std::copy_backward is appropriate when copying to the right (end of the destination range is outside the source range).

Possible implementation

template< class BidirIt1, class BidirIt2 >
BidirIt2 copy_backward(BidirIt1 first, BidirIt1 last, BidirIt2 d_last)
{
    while (first != last) {
        *(--d_last) = *(--last);
    }
    return d_last;
}

Example

#include <algorithm>
#include <iostream>
 
int main()
{
    std::vector<int> from_vector;
    for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
        from_vector.push_back(i);
    }
 
    std::vector<int> to_vector(15);
 
    std::copy_backward(from_vector.begin(), from_vector.end(), to_vector.end());
 
    std::cout << "to_vector contains: ";
    for (unsigned int i = 0; i < to_vector.size(); i++) {
        std::cout << to_vector[i] << " ";
    }
 }

Output:

to_vector contains: 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

See also

Template:cpp/algorithm/dcl list copy