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std::fill_n

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< cpp‎ | algorithm
Revision as of 09:39, 19 September 2013 by 217.95.4.245 (Talk)

 
 
 

Defined in header <algorithm>
template< class OutputIt, class Size, class T >
void fill_n( OutputIt first, Size count, const T& value );
(until C++11)
template< class OutputIt, class Size, class T >
OutputIt fill_n( OutputIt first, Size count, const T& value );
(since C++11)

Assigns the given value value to the first count elements in the range beginning at first if count > 0. Does nothing otherwise.

Contents

Parameters

first - the beginning of the range of elements to modify
count - number of elements to modify
value - the value to be assigned
Type requirements
-
OutputIt must meet the requirements of OutputIterator.

Return value

(none) (until C++11)
Iterator one past the last element assigned if count > 0, first otherwise. (since C++11)

Complexity

Exactly count assignments, for count > 0.

Possible implementation

template<class OutputIt, class Size, class T>
OutputIt fill_n(OutputIt first, Size count, const T& value)
{
    for (Size i = 0; i < count; i++) {
        *first++ = value;
    }
    return first;
}

Example

The following code uses fill_n() to assign -1 to the first half of a vector of integers:

#include <algorithm>
#include <vector>
#include <iostream>
 
int main()
{
    std::vector<int> v1{0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9};
 
    std::fill_n(v1.begin(), 5, -1);
 
    for (std::vector<int>::iterator it = v1.begin(); it != v1.end(); ++it) {
        std::cout << *it << " ";
    }
    std::cout << "\n";
}

Output:

-1 -1 -1 -1 -1 5 6 7 8 9

See also

assigns a range of elements a certain value
(function template) [edit]