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std::make_heap

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Defined in header <algorithm>
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template< class RandomIt >
void make_heap( RandomIt first, RandomIt last );
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template< class RandomIt, class Compare >

void make_heap( RandomIt first, RandomIt last,

                Compare comp );
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Constructs a heap in the range [first, last). The first version of the function uses operator< to compare the elements, the second uses the given comparison function comp.

Contents

Parameters

first, last - the range of elements to make the heap from
comp - comparison function object (i.e. an object that satisfies the requirements of Compare) which returns ​true if the first argument is less than the second.

The signature of the comparison function should be equivalent to the following:

 bool cmp(const Type1 &a, const Type2 &b);

The signature does not need to have const &, but the function object must not modify the objects passed to it.
The types Type1 and Type2 must be such that an object of type RandomIt can be dereferenced and then implicitly converted to both of them. ​

Type requirements
-
RandomIt must meet the requirements of RandomAccessIterator.
-
The type of dereferenced RandomIt must meet the requirements of MoveAssignable and MoveConstructible.

Return value

(none)

Complexity

At most 3*std::distance(first, last) comparisons.

Notes

A max heap is a range of elements [f,l) that has the following properties:

  • *f is the largest element in the range
  • a new element can be added using std::push_heap()
  • the first element can be removed using std::pop_heap()

The actual arrangement of the elements is implementation defined.

Example

#include <iostream>
#include <algorithm>
 
int main()
{
    std::vector<int> v { 3, 1, 4, 1, 5, 9 };
 
    std::cout << "initially, v: ";
    for (auto i : v) std::cout << i << ' ';
    std::cout << '\n';
 
    std::make_heap(v.begin(), v.end());
 
    std::cout << "after make_heap, v: ";
    for (auto i : v) std::cout << i << ' ';
    std::cout << '\n';
 
    std::pop_heap(v.begin(), v.end());
    auto largest = v.back();
    v.pop_back();
    std::cout << "largest element: " << largest << '\n';
 
    std::cout << "after removing the largest element, v: ";
    for (auto i : v) std::cout << i << ' ';
    std::cout << '\n';
}

Output:

initially, v: 3 1 4 1 5 9 
after make_heap, v: 9 5 4 1 1 3 
largest element: 9
after removing the largest element, v: 5 3 4 1 1

See also

Template:cpp/algorithm/dcl list sort heap