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std::swap

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< cpp‎ | algorithm
Revision as of 20:15, 4 June 2013 by P12 (Talk | contribs)

 
 
 
Defined in header <algorithm>
Defined in header <utility>
(until C++11)
(since C++11)
template< class T >
void swap( T& a, T& b );
(1)
template< class T2, size_t N >
void swap( T2 (&a)[N], T2 (&b)[N]);
(2) (since C++11)

Exchanges the given values.

1) Swaps the values a and b.

2) Swaps the arrays a and b. In effect calls std::swap_ranges(a, a+N, b).

Contents

Parameters

a, b - the values to be swapped
Type requirements
-
T must meet the requirements of MoveAssignable and MoveConstructible.
-
T2 must meet the requirements of Swappable.

Return value

(none)

Exceptions

1)
noexcept specification:  (since C++11)
noexcept(noexcept(

    std::is_nothrow_move_constructible<T>::value &&
    std::is_nothrow_move_assignable<T>::value

))
2)
noexcept specification:  (since C++11)
noexcept(noexcept(swap(*a, *b)))

Complexity

1) Constant

2) Linear in N

Specializations

Both custom specializations and overloads of the std::swap algorithm are allowed, but the overloads are generally preferred since specializations of a function template aren't allowed for template classes. Library functions always use the user-provided overloads when swapping, if they are found by argument-dependent lookup (as per Swappable concept).

The following overloads are already provided by the standard library:

specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap() algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap() algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specialization of std::swap for unique_lock
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]

Example

#include <algorithm>
#include <iostream>
 
int main()
{
   int a = 5, b = 3;
 
   // before
   std::cout << a << ' ' << b << '\n';
 
   std::swap(a,b);
 
   // after
   std::cout << a << ' ' << b << '\n';
}

Output:

5 3
3 5

See also

swaps the elements pointed to by two iterators
(function template) [edit]
swaps two ranges of elements
(function template) [edit]