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std::forward_list::unique

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< cpp‎ | container‎ | forward list
Revision as of 19:48, 2 November 2012 by P12bot (Talk | contribs)

void unique();
(1) (since C++11)
template< class BinaryPredicate >
void unique( BinaryPredicate p );
(2) (since C++11)

Removes all consecutive duplicate elements from the container. Only the first element in each group of equal elements is left. The first version uses operator== to compare the elements, the second version uses the given binary predicate p.

Contents

Parameters

p - binary predicate which returns ​true if the elements should be treated as equal.

The signature of the predicate function should be equivalent to the following:

 bool pred(const Type1 &a, const Type2 &b);

The signature does not need to have const &, but the function must not modify the objects passed to it.
The types Type1 and Type2 must be such that an object of type forward_list<T,Allocator>::const_iterator can be dereferenced and then implicitly converted to both of them.

Return value

(none)

Complexity

Linear in the size of the container

Example

#include <iostream>
#include <forward_list>
 
int main()
{
  std::forward_list<int> x = {1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 2, 1, 1, 2};
 
  std::cout << "contents before:";
  for (auto val : x)
    std::cout << ' ' << val;
  std::cout << '\n';
 
  x.unique();
  std::cout << "contents after unique():";
  for (auto val : x)
    std::cout << ' ' << val;
  std::cout << '\n';
 
  return 0;
}

Output:

contents before: 1 2 2 3 3 2 1 1 2
contents after unique(): 1 2 3 2 1 2

See also

removes consecutive duplicate elements in a range
(function template) [edit]