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std::list::emplace_back

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template< class... Args >
void emplace_back( Args&&... args );
(since C++11)

Appends a new element to the end of the container. The element is constructed through std::allocator_traits::construct, which typically uses placement-new to construct the element in-place at the location provided by the container. The arguments args... are forwarded to the constructor as std::forward<Args>(args)....

No iterators or references are invalidated.

Contents

Parameters

args - arguments to forward to the constructor of the element
Type requirements
-
T (the container's element type) must meet the requirements of EmplaceConstructible.

Return value

(none)

Complexity

Constant.

Exceptions

If an exception is thrown, this function has no effect (strong exception guarantee).


Example

The following code uses emplace_back to append an object of type President to a std::list. It demonstrates how emplace_back forwards parameters to the President constructor and shows how using emplace_back avoids the extra copy or move operation required when using push_back.

#include <list>
#include <string>
#include <iostream>
 
struct President
{
    std::string name;
    std::string country;
    int year;
 
    President(std::string p_name, std::string p_country, int p_year)
        : name(std::move(p_name)), country(std::move(p_country)), year(p_year)
    {
        std::cout << "I am being constructed.\n";
    }
    President(President&& other)
        : name(std::move(other.name)), country(std::move(other.country)), year(other.year)
    {
        std::cout << "I am being moved.\n";
    }
    President& operator=(const President& other) = default;
};
 
int main()
{
    std::list<President> elections;
    std::cout << "emplace_back:\n";
    elections.emplace_back("Nelson Mandela", "South Africa", 1994);
 
    std::list<President> reElections;
    std::cout << "\npush_back:\n";
    reElections.push_back(President("Franklin Delano Roosevelt", "the USA", 1936));
 
    std::cout << "\nContents:\n";
    for (President const& president: elections) {
        std::cout << president.name << " was elected president of "
                  << president.country << " in " << president.year << ".\n";
    }
    for (President const& president: reElections) {
        std::cout << president.name << " was re-elected president of "
                  << president.country << " in " << president.year << ".\n";
    }
}

Output:

emplace_back:
I am being constructed.
 
push_back:
I am being constructed.
I am being moved.
 
Contents:
Nelson Mandela was elected president of South Africa in 1994.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt was re-elected president of the USA in 1936.

See also

adds elements to the end
(public member function) [edit]