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std::list::list

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< cpp‎ | container‎ | list
Revision as of 19:31, 31 May 2013 by P12bot (Talk | contribs)

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(1)
explicit list( const Allocator& alloc = Allocator() );
(until C++14)
list() : list( Allocator() ) {}
explicit list( const Allocator& alloc );
(since C++14)
(2)
explicit list( size_type count,

               const T& value = T(),

               const Allocator& alloc = Allocator());
(until C++11)
         list( size_type count,

               const T& value,

               const Allocator& alloc = Allocator());
(since C++11)
(3)
explicit list( size_type count );
(since C++11)
(until C++14)
explicit list( size_type count, const Allocator& alloc = Allocator() );
(since C++14)
template< class InputIt >

list( InputIt first, InputIt last,

      const Allocator& alloc = Allocator() );
(4)
list( const list& other );
(5)
list( const list& other, const Allocator& alloc );
(5) (since C++11)
list( list&& other )
(6) (since C++11)
list( list&& other, const Allocator& alloc );
(6) (since C++11)
list( std::initializer_list<T> init,
      const Allocator& alloc = Allocator() );
(7) (since C++11)

Constructs new container from a variety of data sources and optionally using user supplied allocator alloc.

1) Default constructor. Constructs empty container.
2) Constructs the container with count copies of elements with value value.
3) Constructs the container with count value-initialized instances of T. No copies are made.
4) Constructs the container with the contents of the range [first, last). This constructor does not participate in overload resolution if InputIt does not satisfy InputIterator, to avoid ambiguity with the overload 2 (since C++11)
5) Copy constructor. Constructs the container with the copy of the contents of other. If alloc is not provided, allocator is obtained by calling std::allocator_traits<allocator_type>::select_on_container_copy_construction(other).
6) Move constructor. Constructs the container with the contents of other using move semantics. If alloc is not provided, allocator is obtained by move-construction from the allocator belonging to other.
7) Constructs the container with the contents of the initializer list init.

Contents

[edit] Parameters

alloc - allocator to use for all memory allocations of this container
count - the size of the container
value - the value to initialize elements of the container with
first, last - the range to copy the elements from
other - another container to be used as source to initialize the elements of the container with
init - initializer list to initialize the elements of the container with
Type requirements
-
Allocator must meet the requirements of Allocator.
-
InputIt must meet the requirements of InputIterator.

[edit] Complexity

1) Constant
2-3) Linear in count
4) Linear in distance between first and last
5) Linear in size of other
6) Constant. If alloc is given and alloc != other.get_allocator(), then linear.
7) Linear in size of init

[edit] Example

#include <list>
#include <string>
#include <iostream>
 
template<typename T>
std::ostream& operator<<(std::ostream& s, const std::list<T>& v) {
    s.put('[');
    char comma[3] = {'\0', ' ', '\0'};
    for (const auto& e : v) {
        s << comma << e;
        comma[0] = ',';
    }
    return s << ']';
}
 
int main() 
{
    // c++11 initializer list syntax:
    std::list<std::string> words1 {"the", "frogurt", "is", "also", "cursed"};
    std::cout << "words1: " << words1 << '\n';
 
    // words2 == words1
    std::list<std::string> words2(words1.begin(), words1.end());
    std::cout << "words2: " << words2 << '\n';
 
    // words3 == words1
    std::list<std::string> words3(words1);
    std::cout << "words3: " << words3 << '\n';
 
    // words4 is {"Mo", "Mo", "Mo", "Mo", "Mo"}
    std::list<std::string> words4(5, "Mo");
    std::cout << "words4: " << words4 << '\n';
}

Output:

words1: [the, frogurt, is, also, cursed]
words2: [the, frogurt, is, also, cursed]
words3: [the, frogurt, is, also, cursed]
words4: [Mo, Mo, Mo, Mo, Mo]

[edit] See also

assigns values to the container
(public member function) [edit]
assigns values to the container
(public member function) [edit]