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std::stack::stack

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< cpp‎ | container‎ | stack
Revision as of 11:18, 2 November 2012 by P12bot (Talk | contribs)

(1)
explicit stack( const Container& cont = Container() );
(until C++11)
explicit stack( const Container& cont );
(since C++11)
explicit stack( Container&& cont = Container() );
(2) (since C++11)
stack( const stack& other );
(3)
stack( stack&& other );
(4) (since C++11)
template< class Alloc >
explicit stack( const Alloc& alloc );
(5) (since C++11)
template< class Alloc >
stack( const Container& cont, const Alloc& alloc );
(6) (since C++11)
template< class Alloc >
stack( Container&& cont, const Alloc& alloc );
(7) (since C++11)
template< class Alloc >
stack( const stack& other, const Alloc& alloc );
(8) (since C++11)
template< class Alloc >
stack( stack&& other, const Alloc& alloc );
(9) (since C++11)

Constructs new underlying container of the container adaptor from a variety of data sources.

1) Copy-constructs the underlying container c with the contents of cont. This is also the default constructor(until C++11)
2) Move-constructs the underlying container c with std::move(cont). This is also the default constructor(since C++11)
3) Copy constructor. The adaptor is copy-constructed with the contents of other.c. (implicitly declared)
4) Move constructor. The adaptor is constructed with std::move(other.c). (implicitly declared)
5-9) The following constructors are only defined if std::uses_allocator<container_type, Alloc>::value == true, that is, if the underlying container is an allocator-aware container (true for all standard library containers).
5) Constructs the underlying container using alloc as allocator. Effectively calls c(alloc).
6) Constructs the underlying container with the contents of cont and using alloc as allocator. Effectively calls c(cont, alloc).
7) Constructs the underlying container with the contents of cont using move semantics while utilising alloc as allocator. Effectively calls c(std::move(cont), alloc).
8) Constructs the adaptor with the contents of other.c and using alloc as allocator. Effectively calls c(athor.c, alloc).
9) Constructs the adaptor with the contents of other using move semantics while utilising alloc as allocator. Effectively calls c(std::move(other.c), alloc).

Contents

Parameters

alloc - allocator to use for all memory allocations of the underlying container
other - another container adaptor to be used as source to initialize the underlying container
cont - container to be used as source to initialize the underlying container
first, last - range of elements to initialize with
Type requirements
-
Alloc must meet the requirements of Allocator.
-
Container must meet the requirements of Container. The constructors (5-10) are only defined if Container meets the requirements of AllocatorAwareContainer
-
InputIt must meet the requirements of InputIterator.

Complexity

1, 3, 5, 6, 8: linear in cont or other

2, 4, 7, 9: constant

Example

#include <stack>
#include <deque>
#include <iostream>
 
int main()
{
    std::stack<int> c1;
    c1.push(5);
    std::cout << c1.size() << '\n';
 
    std::stack<int> c2(c1);
    std::cout << c2.size() << '\n';
 
    std::deque<int> deq {3, 1, 4, 1, 5};
    std::stack<int> c3(deq);
    std::cout << c3.size() << '\n';
}

Output:

1
1
5

See also

assigns values to the container adaptor
(public member function) [edit]