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std::vector::vector

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< cpp‎ | container‎ | vector
Revision as of 16:11, 2 November 2012 by P12bot (Talk | contribs)

(1)
explicit vector( const Allocator& alloc = Allocator() );
(until C++14)
vector() : vector( Allocator() ) {}
explicit vector( const Allocator& alloc );
(since C++14)
(2)
explicit vector( size_type count,

                 const T& value = T(),

                 const Allocator& alloc = Allocator());
(until C++11)
         vector( size_type count,

                 const T& value,

                 const Allocator& alloc = Allocator());
(since C++11)
(3)
explicit vector( size_type count );
(since C++11)
(until C++14)
explicit vector( size_type count, const Allocator& alloc = Allocator() );
(since C++14)
template< class InputIt >

vector( InputIt first, InputIt last,

        const Allocator& alloc = Allocator() );
(4)
vector( const vector& other );
(5)
vector( const vector& other, const Allocator& alloc );
(5) (since C++11)
vector( vector&& other )
(6) (since C++11)
vector( vector&& other, const Allocator& alloc );
(6) (since C++11)
vector( std::initializer_list<T> init,
        const Allocator& alloc = Allocator() );
(7) (since C++11)

Constructs new container from a variety of data sources and optionally using user supplied allocator alloc.

1) Default constructor. Constructs empty container.
2) Constructs the container with count copies of elements with value value.
3) Constructs the container with count default-inserted instances of T. No copies are made.
4) Constructs the container with the contents of the range [first, last).
This constructor has the same effect as overload (2) if InputIt is an integral type. (until C++11)
This overload only participate in overload resolution if InputIt satisfies InputIterator , to avoid ambiguity with the overload (2). (since C++11)
5) Copy constructor. Constructs the container with the copy of the contents of other. If alloc is not provided, allocator is obtained by calling std::allocator_traits<allocator_type>::select_on_container_copy_construction(other).
6) Move constructor. Constructs the container with the contents of other using move semantics. If alloc is not provided, allocator is obtained by move-construction from the allocator belonging to other.
7) Constructs the container with the contents of the initializer list init.

Contents

Parameters

alloc - allocator to use for all memory allocations of this container
count - the size of the container
value - the value to initialize elements of the container with
first, last - the range to copy the elements from
other - another container to be used as source to initialize the elements of the container with
init - initializer list to initialize the elements of the container with

Complexity

1) Constant
2-3) Linear in count
4) Linear in distance between first and last
5) Linear in size of other
6) Constant. If alloc is given and alloc != other.get_allocator(), then linear.
7) Linear in size of init

Notes

The overload (3) zeroes out elements of non-class types such as int, which is different from the behavior of new[] , which leaves them uninitialized. To match the behavior of new[], a custom Allocator::constuct can be provided which leaves such elements uninitialized.

Exceptions

1)
noexcept specification:  
noexcept
  
6)
noexcept specification:  
noexcept
  
(since C++17)

Example

#include <vector>
#include <string>
#include <iostream>
 
template<typename T>
std::ostream& operator<<(std::ostream& s, const std::vector<T>& v) {
    s.put('[');
    char comma[3] = {'\0', ' ', '\0'};
    for (const auto& e : v) {
        s << comma << e;
        comma[0] = ',';
    }
    return s << ']';
}
 
int main() 
{
    // c++11 initializer list syntax:
    std::vector<std::string> words1 {"the", "frogurt", "is", "also", "cursed"};
    std::cout << "words1: " << words1 << '\n';
 
    // words2 == words1
    std::vector<std::string> words2(words1.begin(), words1.end());
    std::cout << "words2: " << words2 << '\n';
 
    // words3 == words1
    std::vector<std::string> words3(words1);
    std::cout << "words3: " << words3 << '\n';
 
    // words4 is {"Mo", "Mo", "Mo", "Mo", "Mo"}
    std::vector<std::string> words4(5, "Mo");
    std::cout << "words4: " << words4 << '\n';
}

Output:

words1: [the, frogurt, is, also, cursed]
words2: [the, frogurt, is, also, cursed]
words3: [the, frogurt, is, also, cursed]
words4: [Mo, Mo, Mo, Mo, Mo]

See also

assigns values to the container
(public member function) [edit]
assigns values to the container
(public member function) [edit]