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std::basic_istream::getline

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< cpp‎ | io‎ | basic istream
Revision as of 07:04, 25 March 2014 by 90.227.25.67 (Talk)

basic_istream& getline( char_type* s, std::streamsize count );
(1)
basic_istream& getline( char_type* s, std::streamsize count, char_type delim );
(2)

Extracts characters from stream until end of line or the specified delimiter delim.

The first version is equivalent to getline(s, count, widen('\n')).

Behaves as UnformattedInputFunction. After constructing and checking the sentry object, extracts characters from *this and stored them in successive locations of the array whose first element is pointed to by s until any of the following occurs: (tested in the order shown)

  • end of file condition occurs in the input sequence (in which case setstate(eofbit) is executed)
  • the next available character c is the delimiter, as determined by Traits::eq(c, delim). The delimiter is extracted (unlike basic_istream::get()) and counted towards gcount(), but is not stored.
  • count-1 characters have been extracted (in which case setstate(failbit) is executed).

If the function extracts no characters (e.g. if count < 1), setstate(failbit) is executed.

In any case, if count>0, it then stores a null character CharT() into the next successive location of the array and updates gcount().

Contents

Notes

Because condition #2 is tested before condition #3, the input line that exactly fits the buffer does not trigger failbit.

Because the terminating character is counted as an extracted character, an empty input line does not trigger failbit.

Parameters

s - pointer to the character string to store the characters to
count - size of character string pointed to by s
delim - delimiting character to stop the extraction at. It is extracted but not stored.

Return value

*this

Exceptions

failure if an error occurred (the error state flag is not goodbit) and exceptions() is set to throw for that state.

If an internal operation throws an exception, it is caught and badbit is set. If exceptions() is set for badbit, the exception is rethrown.

Example

#include <iostream>
#include <sstream>
#include <vector>
#include <array>
 
int main()
{
    std::istringstream input("abc|def|gh");
    std::vector<std::array<char, 4>> v;
 
    // note: the following loop terminates when std::ios_base::operator bool()
    // on the stream returned from getline() returns false
    for (std::array<char, 4> a; input.getline(&a[0], 4, '|'); ) {
        v.push_back(a);
    }
 
    for (auto& a : v) {
        std::cout << &a[0] << '\n';
    }
}

Output:

abc
def
gh

See also

read data from an I/O stream into a string
(function)
extracts formatted data
(public member function) [edit]
extracts characters
(public member function) [edit]
extracts blocks of characters
(public member function) [edit]