Defined in header
extern std::ostream cout;
extern std::wostream wcout;
These objects are guaranteed to be constructed before the first constructor of a static object is called and they are guaranteed to outlive the last destructor of a static object, so that it is always possible to write to std::cout in user code.
Unless sync_with_stdio(false) has been issued, it is safe to concurrently access these objects from multiple threads for both formatted and unformatted output.
Once initialized, std::cout is tie()'d to std::cin and std::wcout is tie()'d to std::wcin, meaning that any input operation on std::cin executes std::cout.flush() (via std::basic_istream::sentry's constructor).
Once initialized, std::cout is also tie()'d to std::cerr and std::wcout is tie()'d to std::wcerr, meaning that any output operation on std::cerr executes std::cout.flush() (via std::basic_ostream::sentry's constructor) (since C++11)
static constructor main function static destructor
| initializes standard stream objects |
(public member class of
| writes to the standard C error stream stderr|
| writes to the standard C output stream stdout|