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std::ios_base::setf

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< cpp‎ | io‎ | ios base
Revision as of 00:45, 30 June 2013 by Tsimpson (Talk | contribs)

fmtflags setf( fmtflags flags );
(1)
fmtflags setf( fmtflags flags, fmtflags mask );
(2)

Sets the formatting flags to specified settings.

1) Sets the formatting flags to flags

2) Clears the formatting flags under mask, and sets the cleared flags to those specified by flags. Essentially the following operation is performed fl = (fl & ~mask) | (flags & mask) where fl defines the state of internal formatting flags.

Contents

Parameters

flags, mask - new formatting setting. mask defines which flags can be altered, flags defines which flags of those to be altered should be set (others will be cleared). Both parameters can be a combination of the following constants:
Constant Explanation
dec use decimal base for integer I/O: see std::dec
oct use octal base for integer I/O: see std::oct
hex use hexadecimal base for integer I/O: see std::hex
basefield dec|oct|hex|0. Useful for masking operations
left left adjustment (adds fill characters to the right): see std::left
right right adjustment (adds fill characters to the left): see std::right
internal internal adjustment (adds fill characters to the internal designated point): see std::internal
adjustfield left|right|internal. Useful for masking operations
scientific generate floating point types using scientific notation, or hex notation if combined with fixed: see std::scientific
fixed generate floating point types using fixed notation, or hex notation if combined with scientific: see std::fixed
floatfield scientific|fixed|(scientific|fixed)|0. Useful for masking operations
boolalpha insert and extract bool type in alphanumeric format: see std::boolalpha
showbase generate a prefix indicating the numeric base for integer output, require the currency indicator in monetary I/O: see std::showbase
showpoint generate a decimal-point character unconditionally for floating-point number output: see std::showpoint
showpos generate a + character for non-negative numeric output: see std::showpos
skipws skip leading whitespace before certain input operations: see std::skipws
unitbuf flush the output after each output operation: see std::unitbuf
uppercase replace certain lowercase letters with their uppercase
equivalents in certain output output operations: see std::uppercase


Return value

the formatting flags before the call to the function

Example

See also

manages format flags
(public member function) [edit]
clears specific format flag
(public member function) [edit]