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std::ios_base::xalloc

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Revision as of 17:29, 2 November 2012 by P12bot (Talk | contribs)

static int xalloc();

Returns an unique (program-wide) index value that can be used to access one long and one void* elements in the private storage by calling Template:rlpf and Template:rlpf. The call to xalloc does not allocate memory.

Contents

Parameters

(none)

Return value

unique integer for use as pword/iword index

Example

Uses base class pword storage for runtime type identification of derived stream objects.

#include <iostream>
 
template<class charT, class traits = std::char_traits<charT> >
class mystream : public std::basic_ostream<charT, traits>
{
 public:
    static const int xindex;
    mystream(std::basic_ostream<charT, traits>& ostr) :
        std::basic_ostream<charT, traits>(ostr.rdbuf())
    {
         this->pword(xindex) = this;
    }
 
    void myfn()
    {
        *this << "[special handling for mystream]";
    }
};
 
// each specialization of mystream obtains a unique index from xalloc()
template<class charT, class traits>
const int mystream<charT, traits>::xindex = std::ios_base::xalloc();
 
// This I/O manipulator will be able to recognize ostreams that are mystreams
// by looking up the pointer stored in pword
template<class charT, class traits>
std::basic_ostream<charT,traits>& mymanip(std::basic_ostream<charT,traits>& os)
{
 if (os.pword(mystream<charT,traits>::xindex) == &os) 
    static_cast<mystream<charT,traits>&>(os).myfn();
 return os;
}
 
int main()
{
    std::cout << "cout, narrow-character test " << mymanip << '\n';
 
    mystream<char> myout(std::cout);
    myout << "myout, narrow-character test " << mymanip << '\n';
 
    std::wcout << "wcout, wide-character test " << mymanip << '\n';
 
    mystream<wchar_t> mywout(std::wcout);
    mywout << "mywout, wide-character test " << mymanip << '\n';
}

Output:

cout, narrow-character test 
myout, narrow-character test [special handling for mystream]
wcout, wide-character test 
mywout, wide-character test [special handling for mystream]

See also

Template:cpp/io/ios base/dcl list pwordTemplate:cpp/io/ios base/dcl list iword