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std::setbase

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< cpp‎ | io‎ | manip
Revision as of 23:03, 31 May 2013 by P12bot (Talk | contribs)

Defined in header <iomanip>
/*unspecified*/ setbase( int base );

When used in an expression out << setbase(base) or in >> setbase(base), changes the basefield flag of the stream out or in, depending on the value of base: the value 16 sets basefield to std::ios_base::hex, the value 8 sets std::ios_base::oct, the value 10 sets std::ios_base::dec.

Values of base other than 8, 10, or 16 reset basefield to zero, which corresponds to decimal output and prefix-dependent input.

Contents

Parameters

base - new value for basefield

Return value

Returns an object of unspecified type such that if str is the name of an output stream of type std::basic_ostream<CharT, Traits> or std::basic_istream<CharT, Traits>, then the expression str << setbase(base) or str >> setbase(base) behaves as if the following code was executed:

str.setf(base ==  8 ? std::ios_base::oct :
            base == 10 ? std::ios_base::dec :
                base == 16 ? std::ios_base::hex :
                     std::ios_base::fmtflags(0),
         std::ios_base::basefield);

Example

#include <iostream>
#include <sstream>
#include <iomanip>
int main()
{
    std::cout << "Parsing string \"10 0x10 010\"\n";
 
    int n1, n2, n3;
    std::istringstream s("10 0x10 010");
    s >> std::setbase(16) >> n1 >> n2 >> n3;
    std::cout << "hexadecimal parse: " << n1 << ' ' << n2 << ' ' << n3 << '\n';
 
    s.clear();
    s.seekg(0);
    s >> std::setbase(0) >> n1 >> n2 >> n3;
    std::cout << "prefix-dependent parse: " << n1 << ' ' << n2 << ' ' << n3 << '\n';
 
    std::cout << "hex output: " << std::setbase(16)
              << std::showbase << n1 << ' ' << n2 << ' ' << n3 << '\n';
}

Output:

Parsing string "10 0x10 010"
hexadecimal parse: 16 16 16
prefix-dependent parse: 10 16 8
hex output: 0xa 0x10 0x8

See also

changes the base used for integer I/O
(function) [edit]
controls whether prefix is used to indicate numeric base
(function) [edit]