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std::ostrstream::ostrstream

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< cpp‎ | io‎ | ostrstream
Revision as of 09:15, 4 September 2013 by Cubbi (Talk | contribs)

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ostrstream();
(1)
ostrstream(char* s, int n, std::ios_base::openmode mode = std::ios_base::out);
(2)

Constructs new output strstream and its underlying std::strstreambuf.

1) Default-constructs the underlying std::strstreambuf, which creates a dynamically growing buffer, and initializes the base class with the address of the strstreambuf member.
2) Initialized the base class with the address of the underlying std::strstreambuf member, which is initialized in one of the two possible ways, both of which write to user-provided fixed-size array:
a) if the app bit is not set in mode, constructs the buffer by calling strstreambuf(s, n, s). The behavior is undefined if there are less than n elements in the array whose first element is pointed to by s
b) if the app bit is set in mode, constructs the buffer by calling strstreambuf(s, n, s + std::strlen(s)). The behavior is undefined if there are less than n elements in the array whose first element is pointed to by s or if the array does not contain a valid null-terminated character sequence.

[edit] Parameters

s - char array to use as the output buffer
n - size of the array to be used as the output buffer
mode - specifies stream open mode. It is a bitmask type, the following constants are defined (although only app is used):
Constant Explanation
app seek to the end of stream before each write
binary open in binary mode
in open for reading
out open for writing
trunc discard the contents of the stream when opening
ate seek to the end of stream immediately after open

[edit] Example

#include <iostream>
#include <strstream>
 
int main()
{
    std::ostrstream s1; // dynamic buffer
    s1 << 1 << ' ' << 3.14 << " example\n" << std::ends;
    std::cout << s1.str();
    s1.freeze(false);
 
    char arr[15] = "Hello";
 
    std::ostrstream s2(arr, sizeof arr, std::ios_base::app);
    s2 << ", world!" << std::ends;
    std::cout << s2.str() << '\n';
    std::cout << arr << '\n'; // streams use the provided arrays
}

Output:

1 3.14 example
Hello, world!
Hello, world!


[edit] See also

constructs a strstreambuf object
(public member function of std::strstreambuf) [edit]
constructs an strstream, optionally allocating the buffer
(public member function of std::istrstream) [edit]
constructs an strstream, optionally allocating the buffer
(public member function of std::strstream) [edit]