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final specifier

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Specifies that a virtual function can not be overridden in a derived class or that a class cannot be inherited

Contents

Syntax

Template:sparam final ;
class Template:sparam final Template:sparam

Explanation

When used in a virtual function declaration, final specifies that the function may not be overridden by derived classes.

final is an identifier with a special meaning when used in a member function declaration or class head. In other contexts it is not reserved and may be used to name objects and functions.

Example

struct A
{
    virtual void foo() final;
};
 
struct B final : A
{
    void foo(); // Error: foo cannot be overridden as it's final in A
};
 
struct C : B // Error: B is final
{
};

See also