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Static Assertion

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Performs compile-time assertion checking

Contents

Syntax

static_assert ( bool_constexpr , string ) (since C++11)

Explanation

  • bool_constexpr a constant expression that is contextually convertible to bool
  • string string literal that will appear as compiler error if bool_constexpr is false

A static assert declaration may appear at block scope (as a block declaration) and inside a class body (as a member declaration)

Example

#include <type_traits>
 
template <class T>
void swap( T& a, T& b)
{
    static_assert(std::is_copy_constructible<T>::value,
                  "Swap requires copying");
 
    auto c = b;
    b = a;
    a = c;
}
 
template <class T>
struct data_structure
{
    static_assert(std::is_default_constructible<T>::value,
                  "Data Structure requires default-constructible elements");
};
 
struct no_copy
{
    no_copy ( const no_copy& ) = delete;
    no_copy () = default;
};
 
struct no_default
{
    no_default () = delete;
};
 
int main()
{
    int a, b;
    swap(a, b);
 
    no_copy nc_a, nc_b;
    swap(nc_a, nc_b); // 1
 
    data_structure<int> ds_ok;
    data_structure<no_default> ds_error; // 2
}

Possible output:

1: error: static assertion failed: Swap requires copying
2: error: static assertion failed: Data Structure requires 
                                   default-constructible elements

See also