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std::ctype::toupper, std::ctype::do_toupper

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< cpp‎ | locale‎ | ctype
Revision as of 07:03, 21 January 2013 by Cubbi (Talk | contribs)

 
 
 
 

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<td>
Defined in header <locale>
</td>

<td></td> <td></td> <tr class="t-dcl ">

<td >
public:
CharT toupper( CharT c) const;
</td>

<td > (1) </td> <td class="t-dcl-nopad"> </td> </tr> <tr class="t-dcl ">

<td >
public:
const CharT* toupper( CharT* beg, const CharT* end ) const;
</td>

<td > (2) </td> <td class="t-dcl-nopad"> </td> </tr> <tr class="t-dcl ">

<td >
protected:
virtual CharT do_toupper( CharT c ) const;
</td>

<td > (3) </td> <td class="t-dcl-nopad"> </td> </tr> <tr class="t-dcl ">

<td >
protected:
virtual const CharT* do_toupper( CharT* beg, const CharT* end ) const;
</td>

<td > (4) </td> <td class="t-dcl-nopad"> </td> </tr> Template:ddcl list end

1,2) public member function, calls the protected virtual member function do_toupper of the most derived class.
3) Converts the character c to upper case if an upper case form is defined by this locale.
4) For every character in the character array [beg, end), for which an upper case form exists, replaces the character with that upper case form.

Contents

Parameters

c - character to convert
beg - pointer to the first character in an array of characters to convert
end - one past the end pointer for the array of characters to convert

Return value

1,3) upper case character or c if no upper case form is listed by this locale.
2,4) end.

Notes

Only 1:1 character mapping can be performed by this function, e.g. the uppercase form of 'ß' is (with some exceptions) the two-character string "SS", which cannot be obtained by do_toupper.

Example

#include <locale>
#include <iostream>
 
void try_upper(const std::ctype<wchar_t>& f, wchar_t c)
{
    wchar_t up = f.toupper(c);
    if (up != c) {
        std::wcout << "Upper case form of \'" << c << "' is " << up << '\n';
    } else {
        std::wcout << '\'' << c << "' has no upper case form\n";
    }
}
 
int main()
{
    std::locale::global(std::locale("en_US.utf8"));
    std::wcout.imbue(std::locale());
    std::wcout << "In US English UTF-8 locale:\n";
    auto& f = std::use_facet<std::ctype<wchar_t>>(std::locale());
    try_upper(f, L's');
    try_upper(f, L'ſ');
    try_upper(f, L'ß');
 
    std::wstring str = L"Hello, World!";
    std::wcout << "Uppercase form of the string '" << str << "' is ";
    f.toupper(&str[0], &str[0] + str.size());
    std::wcout << "'" << str << "'\n";
}

Output:

In US English UTF-8 locale:
Upper case form of 's' is S
Upper case form of 'ſ' is S
'ß' has no upper case form
Uppercase form of the string 'Hello, World!' is 'HELLO, WORLD!'

See also

Template:cpp/locale/ctype/dcl list tolowerTemplate:cpp/string/byte/dcl list toupperTemplate:cpp/string/wide/dcl list towupper