Namespaces
Variants
Views
Actions

std::wstring_convert::from_bytes

From cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | locale‎ | wstring convert
Revision as of 08:02, 15 August 2013 by P12 (Talk | contribs)

(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Defined in header <locale>
wide_string from_bytes( char byte );
(1)
wide_string from_bytes( const char* ptr );
(2)
wide_string from_bytes( const byte_string& str );
(3)
wide_string from_bytes( const char* first, const char* last);
(4)

Performs multibyte to wide conversion, using the codecvt facet supplied at construction.

1) Converts byte as if it was a string of length 1 to wide_string

2) Converts the null-terminated multibyte character sequence beginning at the character pointed to by ptr to wide_string

3) Converts the narrow string str to wide_string.

4) Converts the narrow multibyte character sequence [first, last) to wide_string

In all cases, the conversion begins in initial shift state, unless non-initial starting state was provided to this wstring_convert constructor. The number of characters converted and the final value of the conversion state are remembered and can be accessed with state() and converted()

Contents

[edit] Return value

A wide_string object containing the results of multibyte to wide conversion. If the conversion failed and there was a user-supplied wide-error string provided to the constructor of this wstring_convert, returns that wide-error string.

[edit] Exceptions

If this wstring_convert object was constructed without a user-supplied wide-error string, throws std::range_error on conversion failure.

[edit] Example

#include <iostream>
#include <string>
#include <locale>
#include <codecvt>
 
int main()
{
    std::string utf8 =  u8"z\u00df\u6c34\U0001d10b"; // or u8"zß水𝄋"
                        // or "\x7a\xc3\x9f\xe6\xb0\xb4\xf0\x9d\x84\x8b";
 
    // the UTF-8 / UTF-16 standard conversion facet
    std::wstring_convert<std::codecvt_utf8_utf16<char16_t>, char16_t> utf16conv;
    std::u16string utf16 = utf16conv.from_bytes(utf8.data());
    std::cout << "UTF16 conversion produced " << utf16.size() << " code points:\n";
    for (char16_t c : utf16)
        std::cout << std::hex << std::showbase << c << '\n';
 
    // the UTF-8 / UTF-32 standard conversion facet
    std::wstring_convert<std::codecvt_utf8<char32_t>, char32_t> utf32conv;
    std::u32string utf32 = utf32conv.from_bytes(utf8);
    std::cout << "UTF32 conversion produced " << std::dec << utf32.size() << " code points:\n";
    for (char32_t c : utf32)
        std::cout << std::hex << std::showbase << c << '\n';
}

Output:

UTF16 conversion produced 5 code points:
0x7a
0xdf
0x6c34
0xd834
0xdd0b
UTF32 conversion produced 4 code points:
0x7a
0xdf
0x6c34
0x1d10b

[edit] See also

converts a wide string into a byte string
(public member function) [edit]
converts a narrow multibyte character string to wide string, given state
(function) [edit]
[virtual]
converts a string from externT to internT, such as when reading from file
(virtual protected member function of std::codecvt) [edit]