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std::addressof

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< cpp‎ | memory
Revision as of 22:17, 26 August 2013 by Ruslo (Talk | contribs)

 
 
 
 
Defined in header <memory>
template< class T >
T* addressof(T& arg);
(since C++11)

Obtains the actual address of the object or function arg, even in presence of overloaded operator&

Contents

Parameters

arg - lvalue object or function

Return value

Pointer to arg.

Exceptions

noexcept specification:  
noexcept
  

Possible implementation

template< class T >
T* addressof(T& arg) 
{
    return reinterpret_cast<T*>(
               &const_cast<char&>(
                  reinterpret_cast<const volatile char&>(arg)));
}

Example

operator& may be overloaded for a pointer wrapper class to obtain a pointer to pointer:

#include <iostream>
#include <memory>
 
template<class T>
struct Ptr {
    T* pad; // add pad to show difference between 'this' and 'data'
    T* data;
    Ptr(T* arg) : pad(nullptr), data(arg) 
    {
        std::cout << "Ctor this = " << this << std::endl;
    }
 
    ~Ptr() { delete data; }
    T** operator&() { return &data; }
};
 
template<class T>
void f(Ptr<T>* p) 
{
    std::cout << "Ptr   overload called with p = " << p << '\n';
}
 
void f(int** p) 
{
    std::cout << "int** overload called with p = " << p << '\n';
}
 
int main() 
{
    Ptr<int> p(new int(42));
    f(&p);                 // calls int** overload
    f(std::addressof(p));  // calls Ptr<int>* overload, (= this)
}

Possible output:

Ctor this = 0x7fff59ae6e88
int** overload called with p = 0x7fff59ae6e90
Ptr   overload called with p = 0x7fff59ae6e88

See also

the default allocator
(class template) [edit]
provides information about pointer-like types
(class template) [edit]