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std::abs(float), std::fabs

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< cpp‎ | numeric‎ | math
Revision as of 21:34, 8 June 2014 by Diego91b (Talk | contribs)

 
 
 
Common mathematical functions
Functions
Basic operations
abs(float)fabs
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
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(C++11)(C++11)(C++11)
Exponential functions
(C++11)
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Power functions
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Trigonometric and hyperbolic functions
(C++11)
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Error and gamma functions
(C++11)
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Nearest integer floating point operations
(C++11)(C++11)(C++11)
(C++11)
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(C++11)(C++11)(C++11)
Floating point manipulation functions
(C++11)(C++11)
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Classification/Comparison
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Macro constants
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Defined in header <cmath>
float       abs( float arg );
(1)
double      abs( double arg );
(2)
long double abs( long double arg );
(3)
float       fabs( float arg );
(4)
double      fabs( double arg );
(5)
long double fabs( long double arg );
(6)
double      fabs( Integral arg );
(7) (since C++11)
1-6) Computes the absolute value of a floating point value arg.
7) A set of overloads or a function template for all combinations of arguments of arithmetic type not covered by 4-6). If any argument has integral type, it is cast to double. If any other argument is long double, then the return type is long double, otherwise it is double.

Contents

Parameters

arg - Value of a floating-point or Integral type

Return value

If successful, returns the absolute value of arg (|arg|). The value returned is exact and does not depend on any rounding modes.

Error handling

This function is not subject to any of the error conditions specified in math_errhandling

If the implementation supports IEEE floating-point arithmetic (IEC 60559),

  • If the argument is ±0, +0 is returned
  • If the argument is ±∞, +∞ is returned
  • If the argument is NaN, NaN is returned

Example

#include <iostream>
#include <cmath>
 
int main()
{
    std::cout << "abs(+3.0) = " << std::abs(+3.0) << '\n'
              << "abs(-3.0) = " << std::abs(-3.0) << '\n';
    // special values
    std::cout << "abs(-0.0) = " << std::abs(-0.0) << '\n'
              << "abs(-Inf) = " << std::abs(-INFINITY) << '\n';
}

Possible output:

abs(+3.0) = 3
abs(-3.0) = 3
abs(-0.0) = 0
abs(-Inf) = inf

See also

computes absolute value of an integral value (|x|)
(function) [edit]
(C++11)
copies the sign of a floating point value
(function) [edit]
(C++11)
checks if the given number is negative
(function) [edit]
returns the magnitude of a complex number
(function template) [edit]
applies the function std::abs to each element of valarray
(function template) [edit]