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std::regex_match

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< cpp‎ | regex
Revision as of 11:48, 12 January 2013 by Nate (Talk | contribs)

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<td>
Defined in header <regex>
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<td></td> <td></td> <tr class="t-dcl ">

<td >
template< class BidirIt,

          class Alloc, class CharT, class Traits >
bool regex_match( BidirIt first, BidirIt last,
                  std::match_results<BidirIt,Alloc>& m,
                  const std::basic_regex<CharT,Traits>& e,
                  std::regex_constants::match_flag_type flags =

                      std::regex_constants::match_default );
</td>

<td > (1) </td> <td > (since C++11) </td> </tr> <tr class="t-dcl ">

<td >
template< class BidirIt,

          class CharT, class Traits >
bool regex_match( BidirIt first, BidirIt last,
                  const std::basic_regex<CharT,Traits>& e,
                  std::regex_constants::match_flag_type flags =

                      std::regex_constants::match_default );
</td>

<td > (2) </td> <td > (since C++11) </td> </tr> <tr class="t-dcl ">

<td >
template< class CharT, class Alloc, class Traits >

bool regex_match( const CharT* str,
                  std::match_results<const CharT*,Alloc>& m,
                  const std::basic_regex<CharT,Traits>& e,
                  std::regex_constants::match_flag_type flags =

                      std::regex_constants::match_default );
</td>

<td > (3) </td> <td > (since C++11) </td> </tr> <tr class="t-dcl ">

<td >
template< class STraits, class SAlloc,

          class Alloc, class CharT, class Traits >
bool regex_match( const std::basic_string<CharT,STraits,SAlloc>& s,
                  std::match_results<
                      typename std::basic_string<CharT,STraits,SAlloc>::const_iterator,
                      Alloc
                  >& m,
                  const std::basic_regex<CharT,Traits>& e,
                  std::regex_constants::match_flag_type flags =

                      std::regex_constants::match_default );
</td>

<td > (4) </td> <td > (since C++11) </td> </tr> <tr class="t-dcl ">

<td >
template< class CharT, class Traits >

bool regex_match( const CharT* str,
                  const std::basic_regex<CharT,Traits>& e,
                  std::regex_constants::match_flag_type flags =

                      std::regex_constants::match_default );
</td>

<td > (5) </td> <td > (since C++11) </td> </tr> <tr class="t-dcl ">

<td >
template< class STraits, class SAlloc,

          class CharT, class Traits >
bool regex_match( const std::basic_string<CharT, STraits, SAlloc>& s,
                  const std::basic_regex<CharT,Traits>& e,
                  std::regex_constants::match_flag_type flags =

                      std::regex_constants::match_default );
</td>

<td > (6) </td> <td > (since C++11) </td> </tr> Template:ddcl list end

1) Determines if there is a match between the regular expression e and the entire target character sequence [first,last), taking into account the effect of flags. Match results are returned in m.

2) Behaves as (1) above, omitting the match results.

3) Returns std::regex_match(str, str + std::char_traits<charT>::length(str), m, e, flags).

4) Returns std::regex_match(s.begin(), s.end(), m, e, flags).

5) Returns std::regex_match(str, str + std::char_traits<charT>::length(str), e, flags).

6) Returns std::regex_match(s.begin(), s.end(), e, flags).

Note that regex_match will only successfully match a regular expression to an entire character sequence, whereas std::regex_search will successfully match subsequences.

Contents

Parameters

first, last - the target character range to apply the regex to, given as iterators
m - the match results
str - the target string, given as a null-terminated C-style string
s - the target string, given as a std::basic_string
e - the regular expression
flags - flags used to determine how the match will be performed
Type requirements
-
BidirIt must meet the requirements of BidirectionalIterator.

Return value

Returns true if a match exists, false otherwise. In either case, the object m is updated, as follows:

If the match does not exist:

m.ready() == true
m.empty() == true
m.size() == 0

If the match exists:

m.ready() true
m.empty() false
m.size() number of subexpressions plus 1, that is, 1+e.mark_count()
m.prefix().first first
m.prefix().second first
m.prefix().matched false (the match prefix is empty)
m.suffix().first last
m.suffix().second last
m.suffix().matched false (the match suffix is empty)
m[0].first first
m[0].second last
m[0].matched true (the entire sequence is matched)
m[n].first the start of the sequence that matched sub-expression n, or last if the subexpression did not participate in the match
m[n].second the end of the sequence that matched sub-expression n, or last if the subexpression did not participate in the match
m[n].matched true if sub-expression n participated in the match, false otherwise

Example

#include <iostream>
#include <string>
#include <regex>
 
int main()
{
    // Simple regular expression matching
    std::string fnames[] = {"foo.txt", "bar.txt", "baz.dat", "zoidberg"};
    std::regex txt_regex("[a-z]+\\.txt");
 
    for (const auto &fname : fnames) {
        std::cout << fname << ": " << std::regex_match(fname, txt_regex) << '\n';
    }   
 
    // Extraction of a sub-match
    std::regex base_regex("([a-z]+)\\.txt");
    std::smatch base_match;
 
    for (const auto &fname : fnames) {
        if (std::regex_match(fname, base_match, base_regex)) {
            // The first sub_match is the whole string; the next
            // sub_match is the first parenthesized expression.
            if (base_match.size() == 2) {
                std::ssub_match base_sub_match = base_match[1];
                std::string base = base_sub_match.str();
                std::cout << fname << " has a base of " << base << '\n';
            }
        }
    }
 
    // Extraction of several sub-matches
    std::regex pieces_regex("([a-z]+)\\.([a-z]+)");
    std::smatch pieces_match;
 
    for (const auto &fname : fnames) {
        if (std::regex_match(fname, pieces_match, pieces_regex)) {
            std::cout << fname << '\n';
            for (size_t i = 0; i < pieces_match.size(); ++i) {
                std::ssub_match sub_match = pieces_match[i];
                std::string piece = sub_match.str();
                std::cout << "  submatch " << i << ": " << piece << '\n';
            }   
        }   
    }   
}

Output:

foo.txt: 1
bar.txt: 1
baz.dat: 0
zoidberg: 0
foo.txt has a base of foo
bar.txt has a base of bar
foo.txt
  submatch 0: foo.txt
  submatch 1: foo
  submatch 2: txt
bar.txt
  submatch 0: bar.txt
  submatch 1: bar
  submatch 2: txt
baz.dat
  submatch 0: baz.dat
  submatch 1: baz
  submatch 2: dat

See also

Template:cpp/regex/dcl list basic regexTemplate:cpp/regex/dcl list match resultsTemplate:cpp/regex/dcl list regex search