The C++ strings library includes support for two general types of strings:
- std::basic_string - a templated class that encapsulates common string operations
- Null-terminated strings - arrays of characters terminated by a special token
The templated class std::basic_string generalizes how sequences of characters are manipulated and stored. String creation, manipulation, and destruction are all handled by a convenient set of class methods and friend functions.
Several specializations of std::basic_string are provided for commonly-used types:
Defined in header
Null-terminated strings are arrays of characters that are terminated by a special token. C++ provides functions to create, inspect, and modify null-terminated strings.
There are three types of null-terminated strings:
Defined in header <string>