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operator<<,>>(std::basic_string)

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< cpp‎ | string‎ | basic string
Revision as of 19:54, 31 May 2013 by P12bot (Talk | contribs)

 
 
 
std::basic_string
 
Defined in header <string>
template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator>

std::basic_ostream<CharT, Traits>&
    operator<<(std::basic_ostream<CharT, Traits>& os,

               const std::basic_string<CharT, Traits, Allocator>& str);
(1)
template <class CharT, class Traits, class Allocator>

std::basic_istream<CharT, Traits>&
    operator>>(std::basic_istream<CharT, Traits>& is,

               std::basic_string<CharT, Traits, Allocator>& str);
(2)

1) Behaves as an FormattedOutputFunction. After constructing and checking the sentry object, determines the output format padding in the same manner as stage 3 of num_put::put().

Then stores each character from the resulting sequence (the contents of str plus padding) to the output stream os as if by calling os.rdbuf()->sputn(seq, n), where n=std::max(os.width(), str.size())

Finally, calls os.width(0) to cancel the effects of std::setw, if any.

2) Behaves as an FormattedInputFunction. After constructing and checking the sentry object, which may skip leading whitespace, first clears str with str.erase(), then reads characters from is and appends them to str as if by str.append(1, c), until one of the following conditions becomes true:

  • N characters are read, where N is is.width() if is.width() > 0, otherwise N is str.max_size()
  • the end-of-file condition occurs in the stream is
  • std::isspace(c,is.getloc()) is true for the next character c in is (this whitespace character remains in the input stream).

If no characters are extracted then std::ios::failbit is set on is, which may throw std::ios_base::failure.

Finally, calls os.width(0) to cancel the effects of std::setw, if any.

Contents

Exceptions

1) may throw std::ios_base::failure if an exception is thrown during output.

2) may throw std::ios_base::failure if no characters are extracted from is (e.g the stream is at end of file, or consists of whitespace only), or if an exception is thrown during input.

Parameters

os - a character output stream
is - a character input stream
str - the string to be inserted or extracted

Return value

1) os

2) is

Example

#include <iostream>
#include <string>
 
int main()
{
    std::string greeting = "Hello, whirled!"
    std::cout << greeting << '\n';
}

Output:

Hello, whirled!