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std::isalpha

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Defined in header <cctype>
int isalpha( int ch );

Checks if the given character is an alphabetic character as classified by the currently installed C locale. In the default locale, the following characters are alphanumeric:

  • uppercase letters ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
  • lowercase letters abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz

In locales other than "C", an alphabetic character is a character for which std::isupper() or std::islower() returns true or any other character considered alphabetic by the locale. In any case, std::iscntrl(), std::isdigit(), std::ispunct() and std::isspace() will return false for this character.

The behavior is undefined if the value of ch is not representable as unsigned char and is not equal to EOF.

Contents

[edit] Parameters

ch - character to classify

[edit] Return value

Non-zero value (true) if the character is an alphabetic character, 0 (false) otherwise.

[edit] Example

Demonstrates the use of isalpha() with different locales (OS-specific).

#include <iostream>
#include <cctype> 
#include <clocale>
 
int main()
{        
    unsigned char c = '\xdf'; // German letter ß in ISO-8859-1
 
    std::cout << "isalpha(\'\\xdf\', default C locale) returned "
               << std::boolalpha << (bool)std::isalpha(c) << '\n';
 
    std::setlocale(LC_ALL, "de_DE.iso88591");
    std::cout << "isalpha(\'\\xdf\', ISO-8859-1 locale) returned "
              << std::boolalpha << (bool)std::isalpha(c) << '\n';
 
}

Output:

isalpha('\xdf', default C locale) returned false
isalpha('\xdf', ISO-8859-1 locale) returned true

[edit] See also

checks if a character is classified as alphabetic by a locale
(function template) [edit]
checks if a wide character is alphabetic
(function) [edit]
C documentation for isalpha
ASCII values
(hex)
characters

iscntrl
iswcntrl

isprint
iswprint

isspace
iswspace

isblank
iswblank

isgraph
iswgraph

ispunct
iswpunct

isalnum
iswalnum

isalpha
iswalpha

isupper
iswupper

islower
iswlower

isdigit
iswdigit

isxdigit
iswxdigit

0 - 8 0x00-0x08 control codes (NUL, etc.) ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9 0x09 tab (\t) ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10 - 13 0x0A-0x0D whitespaces (\n,\v,\f,\r) ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
14 - 31 0x0E-0x1F control codes ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
32 0x20 space 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
33 - 47 0x21-0x2F !"#$%&'()*+,-./ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
48 - 57 0x30-0x39 0123456789 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0
58 - 64 0x3a-0x40 :;<=>?@ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
65 - 70 0x41-0x46 ABCDEF 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0
71 - 90 0x47-0x5A GHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0
91 - 96 0x5B-0x60 [\]^_` 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
97 -102 0x61-0x66 abcdef 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0
103-122 0x67-0x7A ghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0
123-126 0x7B-0x7E {|}~ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
127 0x7F backspace character (DEL) ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0