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std::islower

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< cpp‎ | string‎ | byte
Revision as of 23:24, 31 May 2013 by P12bot (Talk | contribs)

Defined in header <cctype>
int islower( int ch );

Checks if the given character is classified as a lowercase character according to the current C locale. In the default "C" locale, islower returns true only for the lowercase letters (abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz).

If islower returns true, it is guaranteed that iscntrl, isdigit, ispunct, and isspace return false for the same character in the same C locale.

Contents

Parameters

ch - character

Return value

Non-zero value (true) if the character is a lowercase letter, 0 (false) otherwise.

Example

#include <iostream>
#include <cctype>
#include <clocale>
 
int main()
{
    char c = '\xe5'; // letter å in ISO-8859-1
 
    std::cout << "islower(\'\\xe5\', default C locale) returned "
               << std::boolalpha << (bool)std::islower(c) << '\n';
 
    std::setlocale(LC_ALL, "en_GB.iso88591");
    std::cout << "islower(\'\\xe5\', ISO-8859-1 locale) returned "
              << std::boolalpha << (bool)std::islower(c) << '\n';
 
}

Output:

islower('\xe5', default C locale) returned false
islower('\xe5', ISO-8859-1 locale) returned true

See also

checks if a character is classified as lowercase by a locale
(function template) [edit]
checks if a wide character is lowercase
(function) [edit]
C documentation for islower
ASCII values
(hex)
characters

iscntrl
iswcntrl

isprint
iswprint

isspace
iswspace

isblank
iswblank

isgraph
iswgraph

ispunct
iswpunct

isalnum
iswalnum

isalpha
iswalpha

isupper
iswupper

islower
iswlower

isdigit
iswdigit

isxdigit
iswxdigit

0 - 8 0x00-0x08 control codes (NUL, etc.) ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9 0x09 tab (\t) ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10 - 13 0x0A-0x0D whitespaces (\n,\v,\f,\r) ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
14 - 31 0x0E-0x1F control codes ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
32 0x20 space 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
33 - 47 0x21-0x2F !"#$%&'()*+,-./ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
48 - 57 0x30-0x39 0123456789 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0
58 - 64 0x3a-0x40 :;<=>?@ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
65 - 70 0x41-0x46 ABCDEF 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0
71 - 90 0x47-0x5A GHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0
91 - 96 0x5B-0x60 [\]^_` 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
97 -102 0x61-0x66 abcdef 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0
103-122 0x67-0x7A ghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0
123-126 0x7B-0x7E {|}~ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
127 0x7F backspace character (DEL) ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0