< cpp‎ | types
Revision as of 05:45, 4 June 2014 by Newatthis (Talk | contribs)

Type support
Basic types
Fundamental types
Fixed width integer types (C++11)
Numeric limits
C numeric limits interface
Runtime type information
Type traits
Type categories
Type properties
Type trait constants
Supported operations
Relationships and property queries
Type modifications
Type transformations
Defined in header <cstddef>
#define offsetof(type, member) /*implementation-defined*/

The macro offsetof expands to a constant of type std::size_t, the value of which is the offset, in bytes, from the beginning of an object of specified type to its specified member, including padding if any.

If type is not a standard layout type, the behavior is undefined.

If member is a static member or a member function, the behavior is undefined.

The offset of the first member of a standard-layout type is always zero (empty-base optimization is mandatory)

Possible implementation

#define offsetof(type,member) ((std::size_t) &(((type*)0)->member))


#include <iostream>
#include <cstddef>
struct S {
    char c;
    double d;
int main()
    std::cout << "the first element is at offset " << offsetof(S, c) << '\n'
              << "the double is at offset " << offsetof(S, d) << '\n';

Possible output:

the first element is at offset 0
the double is at offset 8

See also

unsigned integer type returned by the sizeof operator
(typedef) [edit]
checks if a type is standard-layout type
(class template) [edit]
C documentation for offsetof