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std::signal

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Revision as of 22:39, 31 May 2013 by P12bot (Talk | contribs)

Defined in header <csignal>
void (*signal( int sig, void (*handler) (int))) (int);

Sets the error handler for signal sig. The signal handler can be set so that default handling will occur, signal is ignored, or an user-defined function is called.

When signal handler is set to a function and a signal occurs, it is implementation defined whether std::signal(sig, SIG_DFL) will be executed immediately before the start of signal handler. Also, the implementation can prevent some implementation-defined set of signals from occurring while the signal handler runs.

For some of the signals, the implementation may call std::signal(sig, SIG_IGN) at the startup of the program. For the rest, the implementation must call std::signal(sig, SIG_DFL).

If the user defined function returns when handling SIGFPE, SIGILL, SIGSEGV or any other implementation-defined signal specifying a computational exception, the behavior is undefined. In most implementations the program terminates.

If the signal handler is called as a result of std::abort or std::raise, the behavior is undefined if any of the following requirements is not followed:

  • the signal handler calls std::raise.
  • the signal handler refers to an object of static storage duration which is not declared as volatile std::sig_atomic_t.
  • the signal handler calls any function within the standard library, except std::abort, std::_Exit, or std::signal with the first argument not being the number of the signal currently handled.

Contents

Parameters

sig - the signal to set the signal handler to. It can be an implementation-defined value or one of the following values:
defines signal types
(macro constant) [edit]


handler - the signal handler. This must be one of the following:
  • SIG_DFL macro. The signal handler is set to default signal handler.
  • SIG_IGN macro. The signal is ignored.
  • pointer to a function. The signature of the function must be equivalent to the following:
void fun(int sig);


Return value

Previous signal handler on success or Template:rlpt on failure (setting a signal handler can be disabled on some implementations).

Notes

Signal handlers are expected to have C linkage and, in general, only use the features from the common subset of C and C++. It is implementation-defined if a function with C++ linkage can be used as a signal handler.

Example

#include <csignal>
#include <iostream>
 
void signal_handler(int signal)
{
    std::cout << "Received signal " << signal << '\n';
}
 
int main()
{
    // Install a signal handler
    std::signal(SIGINT, signal_handler);
 
    std::cout << "Sending signal " << SIGINT << '\n';
    std::raise(SIGINT);
}

Possible output:

Sending signal 2
Received signal 2

See also

runs the signal handler for particular signal
(function) [edit]
C documentation for signal