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std::rel_ops::operator!=,>,<=,>=

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< cpp‎ | utility
Revision as of 21:17, 31 May 2013 by P12bot (Talk | contribs)

Defined in header <utility>
template< class T >
bool operator!=( const T& lhs, const T& rhs );
(1)
template< class T >
bool operator>( const T& lhs, const T& rhs );
(2)
template< class T >
bool operator<=( const T& lhs, const T& rhs );
(3)
template< class T >
bool operator>=( const T& lhs, const T& rhs );
(4)

Given a user-defined operator== and operator< for objects of type T, implements the usual semantics of other comparison operators.

1) Implements operator!= in terms of operator==.

2) Implements operator> in terms of operator<.

3) Implements operator<= in terms of operator<.

4) Implements operator>= in terms of operator<.

Contents

Parameters

lhs - left-hand argument
rhs - right-hand argument

Return value

1) Returns true if lhs is not equal to rhs.

2) Returns true if lhs is greater than rhs.

3) Returns true if lhs is less or equal to rhs.

4) Returns true if lhs is greater or equal to rhs.

Possible implementation

First version
namespace rel_ops {
    template< class T >
    bool operator!=( const T& lhs, const T& rhs ) 
    {
        return !(lhs == rhs);
    }
}
Second version
namespace rel_ops {
    template< class T >
    bool operator>( const T& lhs, const T& rhs ) 
    {
        return rhs < lhs;
    }
}
Third version
namespace rel_ops {
    template< class T >
    bool operator<=( const T& lhs, const T& rhs ) 
    {
        return !(rhs < lhs);
    }
}
Fourth version
namespace rel_ops {
    template< class T >
    bool operator>=( const T& lhs, const T& rhs ) 
    {
        return !(lhs < rhs);
    }
}

Example

#include <iostream>
#include <utility>
 
struct Foo {
    int n;
};
 
bool operator==(const Foo& lhs, const Foo& rhs)
{
    return lhs.n == rhs.n;
}
 
bool operator<(const Foo& lhs, const Foo& rhs)
{
    return lhs.n < rhs.n;
}
 
int main()
{
    Foo f1 = {1};
    Foo f2 = {2};
    using namespace std::rel_ops;
 
    std::cout << std::boolalpha;
    std::cout << "not equal?     : " << (f1 != f2) << '\n';
    std::cout << "greater?       : " << (f1 > f2) << '\n';
    std::cout << "less equal?    : " << (f1 <= f2) << '\n';
    std::cout << "greater equal? : " << (f1 >= f2) << '\n';
}

Output:

not equal?     : true
greater?       : false
less equal?    : true
greater equal? : false