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while loop

From cppreference.com
< c‎ | language

Executes a loop.

Used where code needs to be executed several times while some condition is present.

Contents

[edit] Syntax

while ( cond_expression ) loop_statement

[edit] Explanation

cond_expression shall be an expression, whose result is convertible to bool. It is evaluated before each execution of loop_statement, which is only executed if the cond_expression evaluates to true.

If the execution of the loop needs to be terminated at some point, break statement can be used as terminating statement.

If the execution of the loop needs to be continued at the end of the loop body, continue statement can be used as shortcut.

[edit] Keywords

while

[edit] Example

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
 
#define SIZE 8
 
int main ()
{
    unsigned i = 0, array [SIZE];
 
    while (i < SIZE)
    {
        array [i] = rand() % 2;
        ++i;
    }
 
    printf("Array filled!\n");
 
    i = 0;
    while (i < SIZE)
    {
        printf("%d ", array[i]);
        ++i;
    }
 
    printf("\n");
 
    return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}

Output:

Array filled!
1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0