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fpclassify

From cppreference.com
< c‎ | numeric‎ | math
 
 
 
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Classification
fpclassify
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Defined in header <math.h>
#define fpclassify(arg) /* implementation defined */
(since C99)

Categorizes floating point value arg into the following categories: zero, subnormal, normal, infinite, NAN, or implementation-defined category. The macro returns an integral value.

FLT_EVAL_METHOD is ignored: even if the argument is evaluated with more range and precision than its type, it is first converted to its semantic type, and the classification is based on that: a normal long double value might become subnormal when converted to double and zero when converted to float.

Contents

[edit] Parameters

arg - floating point value

[edit] Return value

One of FP_INFINITE, FP_NAN, FP_NORMAL, FP_SUBNORMAL, FP_ZERO or implementation-defined type, specifying the category of arg.

[edit] Example

#include <stdio.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <float.h>
 
const char *show_classification(double x) {
    switch(fpclassify(x)) {
        case FP_INFINITE:  return "Inf";
        case FP_NAN:       return "NaN";
        case FP_NORMAL:    return "normal";
        case FP_SUBNORMAL: return "subnormal";
        case FP_ZERO:      return "zero";
        default:           return "unknown";
    }
}
int main(void)
{
    printf("1.0/0.0 is %s\n", show_classification(1/0.0));
    printf("0.0/0.0 is %s\n", show_classification(0.0/0.0));
    printf("DBL_MIN/2 is %s\n", show_classification(DBL_MIN/2));
    printf("-0.0 is %s\n", show_classification(-0.0));
    printf("1.0 is %s\n", show_classification(1.0));
}

Output:

1.0/0.0 is Inf
0.0/0.0 is NaN
DBL_MIN/2 is subnormal
-0.0 is zero
1.0 is normal

[edit] See also

checks if the given number has finite value
(function) [edit]
(C99)
checks if the given number is infinite
(function) [edit]
(C99)
checks if the given number is NaN
(function) [edit]
checks if the given number is normal
(function) [edit]
C++ documentation for fpclassify