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wcstof, wcstod, wcstold

From cppreference.com
< c‎ | string‎ | wide
Defined in header <wchar.h>
float       wcstof( const wchar_t* str, wchar_t** str_end );
(since C99)
double      wcstod( const wchar_t* str, wchar_t** str_end );
(since C95)
long double wcstold( const wchar_t* str, wchar_t** str_end );
(since C99)

Interprets a floating point value in a wide string pointed to by str.

Function discards any whitespace characters (as determined by std::isspace()) until first non-whitespace character is found. Then it takes as many characters as possible to form a valid floating point representation and converts them to floating point value. The valid floating point value can be one of the following:

  • decimal floating point expression. It consists of the following parts:
  • (optional) plus or minus sign
  • nonempty sequence of decimal digits optionally containing decimal point character (as determined by the current C locale) (defines significand)
  • (optional) e or E followed with optional minus or plus sign and nonempty sequence of decimal digits (defines exponent)
  • binary floating point expression. It consists of the following parts:
  • (optional) plus or minus sign
  • 0x or 0X
  • nonempty sequence of hexadecimal digits optionally containing a decimal point character (as determined by the current C locale) (defines significand)
  • (optional) p or P followed with optional minus or plus sign and nonempty sequence of decimal digits (defines exponent)
  • infinity expression. It consists of the following parts:
  • (optional) plus or minus sign
  • INF or INFINITY ignoring case
  • not-a-number expression. It consists of the following parts:
  • (optional) plus or minus sign
  • NAN or NAN(char_sequence) ignoring case of the NAN part. char_sequence can only contain alphanumeric characters. The result is a quiet NaN floating point value.
  • any other expression that may be accepted by the currently installed C locale

The functions sets the pointer pointed to by str_end to point to the wide character past the last character interpreted. If str_end is NULL, it is ignored.

Contents

[edit] Parameters

str - pointer to the null-terminated wide string to be interpreted
str_end - pointer to a pointer to a wide character.

[edit] Return value

Floating point value corresponding to the contents of str on success. If the converted value falls out of range of corresponding return type, range error occurs and HUGE_VAL, HUGE_VALF or HUGE_VALL is returned. If no conversion can be performed, 0 is returned.

[edit] Example

#include <stdio.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <wchar.h>
 
int main(void)
{
    const wchar_t *p = L"111.11 -2.22 0X1.BC70A3D70A3D7P+6  1.18973e+4932zzz";
    printf("Parsing L\"%ls\":\n", p);
    wchar_t *end;
    for (double f = wcstod(p, &end); p != end; f = wcstod(p, &end))
    {
        printf("'%.*ls' -> ", (int)(end-p), p);
        p = end;
        if (errno == ERANGE){
            printf("range error, got ");
            errno = 0;
        }
        printf("%f\n", f);
    }
}

Output:

Parsing L"111.11 -2.22 0X1.BC70A3D70A3D7P+6  1.18973e+4932zzz":
'111.11' -> 111.110000
' -2.22' -> -2.220000
' 0X1.BC70A3D70A3D7P+6' -> 111.110000
'  1.18973e+4932' -> range error, got inf

[edit] See also

converts a byte string to a floating point value
(function) [edit]
C++ documentation for wcstof, wcstod, wcstold