Namespaces
Variants
Views
Actions

std::min_element

From cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | algorithm
 
 
Algorithm library
Execution policies (C++17)
Non-modifying sequence operations
(C++11)(C++11)(C++11)
(C++17)
Modifying sequence operations
Operations on uninitialized storage
Partitioning operations
Sorting operations
(C++11)
Binary search operations
Set operations (on sorted ranges)
Heap operations
(C++11)
Minimum/maximum operations
min_element
(C++11)
(C++17)

Permutations
Numeric operations
C library
 
Defined in header <algorithm>
(1)
template< class ForwardIt >
ForwardIt min_element( ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last );
(until C++17)
template< class ForwardIt >
constexpr ForwardIt min_element( ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last );
(since C++17)
template< class ExecutionPolicy, class ForwardIt >
constexpr ForwardIt min_element( ExecutionPolicy&& policy, ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last );
(2) (since C++17)
(3)
template< class ForwardIt, class Compare >
ForwardIt min_element( ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last, Compare comp );
(until C++17)
template< class ForwardIt, class Compare >
constexpr ForwardIt min_element( ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last, Compare comp );
(since C++17)
template< class ExecutionPolicy, class ForwardIt, class Compare >
constexpr ForwardIt min_element( ExecutionPolicy&& policy, ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last, Compare comp );
(4) (since C++17)

Finds the smallest element in the range [first, last).

1) Elements are compared using operator<.
3) Elements are compared using the given binary comparison function comp.
2,4) Same as (1,3), but executed according to policy. These overloads do not participate in overload resolution unless std::is_execution_policy_v<std::decay_t<ExecutionPolicy>> is true

Contents

[edit] Parameters

first, last - forward iterators defining the range to examine
policy - the execution policy to use. See execution policy for details.
cmp - comparison function object (i.e. an object that satisfies the requirements of Compare) which returns ​true if a is less than b.

The signature of the comparison function should be equivalent to the following:

 bool cmp(const Type1 &a, const Type2 &b);

The signature does not need to have const &, but the function object must not modify the objects passed to it.
The types Type1 and Type2 must be such that an object of type ForwardIt can be dereferenced and then implicitly converted to both of them. ​

Type requirements
-
ForwardIt must meet the requirements of ForwardIterator.

[edit] Return value

Iterator to the smallest element in the range [first, last). If several elements in the range are equivalent to the smallest element, returns the iterator to the first such element. Returns last if the range is empty.

[edit] Complexity

Exactly max(N-1,0) comparisons, where N = std::distance(first, last).

[edit] Exceptions

The overloads with a template parameter named ExecutionPolicy report errors as follows:

  • If execution of a function invoked as part of the algorithm throws an exception,
  • if policy is std::parallel_vector_execution_policy, std::terminate is called
  • if policy is std::sequential_execution_policy or std::parallel_execution_policy, the algorithm exits with an std::exception_list containing all uncaught exceptions. If there was only one uncaught exception, the algorithm may rethrow it without wrapping in std::exception_list. It is unspecified how much work the algorithm will perform before returning after the first exception was encountered.
  • if policy is some other type, the behavior is implementation-defined
  • If the algorithm fails to allocate memory (either for itself or to construct an std::exception_list when handling a user exception), std::bad_alloc is thrown.

[edit] Possible implementation

First version
template<class ForwardIt>
ForwardIt min_element(ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last)
{
    if (first == last) return last;
 
    ForwardIt smallest = first;
    ++first;
    for (; first != last; ++first) {
        if (*first < *smallest) {
            smallest = first;
        }
    }
    return smallest;
}
Second version
template<class ForwardIt, class Compare>
ForwardIt min_element(ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last, 
                            Compare comp)
{
    if (first == last) return last;
 
    ForwardIt smallest = first;
    ++first;
    for (; first != last; ++first) {
        if (comp(*first, *smallest)) {
            smallest = first;
        }
    }
    return smallest;
}

[edit] Example

#include <algorithm>
#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
 
int main()
{
    std::vector<int> v{3, 1, 4, 1, 5, 9};
 
    std::vector<int>::iterator result = std::min_element(std::begin(v), std::end(v));
    std::cout << "min element at: " << std::distance(std::begin(v), result);
}

Output:

min element at: 1

[edit] See also

returns the largest element in a range
(function template) [edit]
returns the smallest and the largest elements in a range
(function template) [edit]
returns the smaller of the given values
(function template) [edit]
parallelized version of std::min_element
(function template) [edit]