C++ concepts: BitmaskType
Defines a type that can be used to represent a set of constant values or any combination of those values. This trait is typically implemented by integer types, std::bitset, or enumerations (scoped and unscoped) with additional operator overloads.
The bitmask type supports a finite number of bitmask elements, which are distinct values of the bitmask type, such that, for any pair Ci and Cj, Ci & Ci != 0 and Ci & Cj == 0.
The bitwise operators operator&, operator|, operator^, operator~, operator&=, operator|=, and operator^= are defined for values of the bitmask type and have the same semantics as the corresponding built-in operators on unsigned integers would have if the bitmask elements were the distinct integer powers of two.
The following expressions are well-formed and have the following meaning for any BitsetType X
|X |= Y||sets the value Y in the object X|
|X &= ~Y||clears the value Y in the object X|
|(X&Y) != 0||indicates that the value Y is set in the object X|
Each representible bitmask element is defined as a constexpr value of the bitmask type.
The following standard library types satisfy