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std::list

From cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | container
Defined in header <list>
template<

    class T,
    class Allocator = std::allocator<T>

> class list;

std::list is a container that supports constant time insertion and removal of elements from anywhere in the container. Fast random access is not supported. It is usually implemented as double-linked list. Compared to std::forward_list this container provides bidirectional iteration capability while being less space efficient.

Addition, removal and moving the elements within the list or across several lists does not invalidate the iterators or references. An iterator is invalidated only when the corresponding element is deleted.

std::list meets the requirements of Container, AllocatorAwareContainer, SequenceContainer and ReversibleContainer.

Contents

[edit] Template parameters

T - The type of the elements.
T must meet the requirements of CopyAssignable and CopyConstructible. (until C++11)
The requirements that are imposed on the elements depend on the actual operations performed on the container. Generally, it is required that element type is a complete type and meets the requirements of Erasable, but many member functions impose stricter requirements. (since C++11)

[edit]

Allocator - An allocator that is used to acquire memory to store the elements. The type must meet the requirements of Allocator. [edit]

[edit] Member types

Member type Definition
value_type T [edit]
allocator_type Allocator [edit]
size_type Unsigned integral type (usually std::size_t) [edit]
difference_type Signed integer type (usually std::ptrdiff_t) [edit]
reference
Allocator::reference (until C++11)
value_type& (since C++11)
[edit]
const_reference
Allocator::const_reference (until C++11)
const value_type& (since C++11)
[edit]
pointer
Allocator::pointer (until C++11)
std::allocator_traits<Allocator>::pointer (since C++11)
[edit]
const_pointer
Allocator::const_pointer (until C++11)
std::allocator_traits<Allocator>::const_pointer (since C++11)
[edit]
iterator BidirectionalIterator [edit]
const_iterator Constant bidirectional iterator [edit]
reverse_iterator std::reverse_iterator<iterator> [edit]
const_reverse_iterator std::reverse_iterator<const_iterator> [edit]

[edit] Member functions

constructs the list
(public member function) [edit]
destructs the list
(public member function) [edit]
assigns values to the container
(public member function) [edit]
assigns values to the container
(public member function) [edit]
returns the associated allocator
(public member function) [edit]
Element access
access the first element
(public member function) [edit]
access the last element
(public member function) [edit]
Iterators
returns an iterator to the beginning
(public member function) [edit]
returns an iterator to the end
(public member function) [edit]
returns a reverse iterator to the beginning
(public member function) [edit]
returns a reverse iterator to the end
(public member function) [edit]
Capacity
checks whether the container is empty
(public member function) [edit]
returns the number of elements
(public member function) [edit]
returns the maximum possible number of elements
(public member function) [edit]
Modifiers
clears the contents
(public member function) [edit]
inserts elements
(public member function) [edit]
(C++11)
constructs element in-place
(public member function) [edit]
erases elements
(public member function) [edit]
adds elements to the end
(public member function) [edit]
constructs elements in-place at the end
(public member function) [edit]
removes the last element
(public member function) [edit]
inserts elements to the beginning
(public member function) [edit]
constructs elements in-place at the beginning
(public member function) [edit]
removes the first element
(public member function) [edit]
changes the number of elements stored
(public member function) [edit]
swaps the contents
(public member function) [edit]
Operations
merges two sorted lists
(public member function) [edit]
moves elements from another list
(public member function) [edit]
removes elements satisfying specific criteria
(public member function) [edit]
reverses the order of the elements
(public member function) [edit]
removes consecutive duplicate elements
(public member function) [edit]
sorts the elements
(public member function) [edit]

[edit] Non-member functions

lexicographically compares the values in the list
(function template) [edit]
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template) [edit]