std::unordered_map::try_emplace

 template pair try_emplace(const key_type& k, Args&&... args); (1) (since C++17) template pair try_emplace(key_type&& k, Args&&... args); (2) (since C++17) template iterator try_emplace(const_iterator hint, const key_type& k, Args&&... args); (3) (since C++17) template iterator try_emplace(const_iterator hint, key_type&& k, Args&&... args); (4) (since C++17)
1) If a key equivalent to k already exists in the container, does nothing. Otherwise, behaves like emplace except that the element is constructed as value_type(std::piecewise_construct, std::forward_as_tuple(k), std::forward_as_tuple(forward<Args>(args)...))
2) If a key equivalent to k already exists in the container, does nothing. Otherwise, behaves like emplace except that the element is constructed as value_type(std::piecewise_construct, std::forward_as_tuple(std::move(k)), std::forward_as_tuple(forward<Args>(args)...))
3) If a key equivalent to k already exists in the container, does nothing. Otherwise, behaves like emplace_hint except that the element is constructed as value_type(std::piecewise_construct, std::forward_as_tuple(k), std::forward_as_tuple(forward<Args>(args)...))
4) If a key equivalent to k already exists in the container, does nothing. Otherwise, behaves like emplace_hint except that the element is constructed as value_type(std::piecewise_construct, std::forward_as_tuple(std::move(k)), std::forward_as_tuple(forward<Args>(args)...))

If rehashing occurs due to the insertion, all iterators are invalidated. Otherwise iterators are not affected. References are not invalidated. Rehashing occurs only if the new number of elements is greater than max_load_factor()*bucket_count().

Contents

Parameters

 k - the key used both to look up and to insert if not found hint - iterator to the position before which the new element will be inserted args - arguments to forward to the constructor of the element

Return value

1,2) Same as for emplace
3,4) Same as for emplace_hint

Complexity

1,2) Same as for emplace
3,4) Same as for emplace_hint

Notes

Unlike insert or emplace, these functions do not move from rvalue arguments if the insertion does not happen, which makes it easy to manipulate maps whose values are move-only types, such as std::unordered_map<std::string, std::unique_ptr<foo>>. In addition, try_emplace treats the key and the arguments to the mapped_type separately, unlike emplace, which requires the arguments to construct a value_type (that is, a std::pair)

Example

#include <iostream>
#include <utility>
#include <string>

#include <unordered_map>
int main()
{
using namespace std::literals;
std::unordered_map<std::string, std::string> m;

m.try_emplace("a", "a"s);
m.try_emplace("b", "abcd");
m.try_emplace("c", 10, 'c');
m.try_emplace("c", "Won't be inserted");

for (const auto &p : m) {
std::cout << p.first << " => " << p.second << '\n';
}
}

Possible output:

a => a
b => abcd
c => cccccccccc