Defined in header <filesystem>
std::uintmax_t hard_link_count( const std::filesystem::path& p );
std::uintmax_t hard_link_count( const std::filesystem::path& p, std::error_code& ec );
(1) (since C++17)

Returns the number of hard links for the filesystem object identified by path p.

The non-throwing overload returns static_cast<uintmax_t>(-1) on errors.


[edit] Parameters

p - path to examine
ec - out-parameter for error reporting in the non-throwing overload

[edit] Return value

The number of hard links for p

[edit] Exceptions

The overload that does not take a std::error_code& parameter throws filesystem_error on underlying OS API errors, constructed with p as the first argument and the OS error code as the error code argument. std::bad_alloc may be thrown if memory allocation fails. The overload taking a std::error_code& parameter sets it to the OS API error code if an OS API call fails, and executes ec.clear() if no errors occur. This overload has
noexcept specification:  

[edit] Example

#include <iostream>
#include <filesystem>
namespace fs = std::filesystem;
int main()
    // On a POSIX-style filesystem, each directory has at least 2 hard links:
    // itself and the special member pathname "."
    fs::path p = fs::current_path();
    std::cout << "Number of hard links for current path is "
              << fs::hard_link_count(p) << '\n';
    // each ".." is a hard link to the parent directory, so the total number
    // of hard links for any directory is 2 plus number of direct subdirectories
    p = fs::current_path() / ".."; // each dot-dot is a hard link to parent
    std::cout << "Number of hard links for .. is "
              << fs::hard_link_count(p) << '\n';

Possible output:

Number of hard links for current path is 2
Number of hard links for .. is 3

[edit] See also

creates a hard link
(function) [edit]