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std::data

From cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | iterator
Defined in header <iterator>
template <class C>
constexpr auto data(C& c) -> decltype(c.data());
(1) (since C++17)
template <class C>
constexpr auto data(const C& c) -> decltype(c.data());
(2) (since C++17)
template <class T, std::size_t N>
constexpr T* data(T (&array)[N]) noexcept;
(3) (since C++17)
template <class E>
constexpr const E* data(std::initializer_list<E> il) noexcept;
(4) (since C++17)

Returns a pointer to the block of memory containing the elements of the container.

1,2) returns c.data()
3) returns array
4) returns il.begin()

Contents

[edit] Parameters

c - a container with a data() method
array - an array of arbitrary type
il - an initializer list

[edit] Return value

A pointer to the block of memory containing the elements of the container.

[edit] Exceptions

3,4)
noexcept specification:  
noexcept
  

[edit] Notes

In addition to being included in <iterator>, std::data is guaranteed to become available if any of the following headers are included: <array>, <deque>, <forward_list>, <list>, <map>, <regex>, <set>, <string>, <unordered_map>, <unordered_set>, and <vector>.

[edit] Possible implementation

First version
template <class C> 
constexpr auto data(C& c) -> decltype(c.data())
{
    return c.data();
}
Second version
template <class C> 
constexpr auto data(const C& c) -> decltype(c.data())
{
    return c.data();
}
Third version
template <class T, std::size_t N>
constexpr T* data(T (&array)[N]) noexcept
{
    return array;
}
Fourth version
template <class E> 
constexpr const E* data(std::initializer_list<E> il) noexcept
{
    return il.begin();
}

[edit] Example