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std::uninitialized_copy

From cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | memory
 
 
 
 
Defined in header <memory>
template< class InputIt, class ForwardIt >
ForwardIt uninitialized_copy( InputIt first, InputIt last, ForwardIt d_first );
(1)
template< class ExecutionPolicy, class InputIt, class ForwardIt >
ForwardIt uninitialized_copy( ExecutionPolicy&& policy, InputIt first, InputIt last, ForwardIt d_first );
(2) (since C++17)
1) Copies elements from the range [first, last) to an uninitialized memory area beginning at d_first as if by
for (; first != last; ++d_first, (void) ++first)
   ::new (static_cast<void*>(std::addressof(*d_first)))
      typename iterator_traits<ForwardIterator>::value_type(*first);
If an exception is thrown during the initialization, the function has no effects.
2) Same as (1), but executed according to policy. This overload does not participate in overload resolution unless std::is_execution_policy_v<std::decay_t<ExecutionPolicy>> is true

Contents

[edit] Parameters

first, last - the range of the elements to copy
d_first - the beginning of the destination range
policy - the execution policy to use. See execution policy for details.
Type requirements
-
InputIt must meet the requirements of InputIterator.
-
ForwardIt must meet the requirements of ForwardIterator.

[edit] Return value

Iterator to the element past the last element copied.

[edit] Complexity

Linear in the distance between first and last

[edit] Exceptions

The overload with a template parameter named ExecutionPolicy reports errors as follows:

  • If execution of a function invoked as part of the algorithm throws an exception,
  • if policy is std::parallel_vector_execution_policy, std::terminate is called
  • if policy is std::sequential_execution_policy or std::parallel_execution_policy, the algorithm exits with an std::exception_list containing all uncaught exceptions. If there was only one uncaught exception, the algorithm may rethrow it without wrapping in std::exception_list. It is unspecified how much work the algorithm will perform before returning after the first exception was encountered.
  • if policy is some other type, the behavior is implementation-defined
  • If the algorithm fails to allocate memory (either for itself or to construct an std::exception_list when handling a user exception), std::bad_alloc is thrown.

[edit] Possible implementation

template<class InputIt, class ForwardIt>
ForwardIt uninitialized_copy(InputIt first, InputIt last, ForwardIt d_first)
{
    typedef typename std::iterator_traits<ForwardIt>::value_type Value;
    ForwardIt current = d_first;
    try {
        for (; first != last; ++first, (void) ++current) {
            ::new (static_cast<void*>(std::addressof(*current))) Value(*first);
        }
        return current;
    } catch (...) {
        for (; d_first != current; ++d_first) {
            d_first->~Value();
        }
        throw;
    }
}

[edit] Example

#include <algorithm>
#include <iostream>
#include <memory>
#include <string>
#include <tuple>
#include <vector>
 
int main()
{
    std::vector<std::string> v = {"This", "is", "an", "example"};
 
    std::string* p;
    std::size_t sz;
    std::tie(p, sz)  = std::get_temporary_buffer<std::string>(v.size());
    sz = std::min(sz, v.size());
 
    std::uninitialized_copy(v.begin(), v.begin() + sz, p);
 
    for (std::string* i = p; i != p+sz; ++i) {
        std::cout << *i << ' ';
        i->~basic_string<char>();
    }
    std::return_temporary_buffer(p);
}

Output:

This is an example

[edit] See also

copies a number of objects to an uninitialized area of memory
(function template) [edit]
parallelized version of std::uninitialized_copy
(function template) [edit]