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std::isnan

From cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | numeric‎ | math
 
 
 
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Defined in header <cmath>
bool isnan( float arg );
(1) (since C++11)
bool isnan( double arg );
(2) (since C++11)
bool isnan( long double arg );
(3) (since C++11)
bool isnan( Integral arg );
(4) (since C++11)
1-3) Determines if the given floating point number arg is a not-a-number (NaN) value.
4) A set of overloads or a function template accepting the from argument of any integral type. Equivalent to (2) (the argument is cast to double).

Contents

[edit] Parameters

arg - floating point value

[edit] Return value

true if arg is a NaN, false otherwise

[edit] Notes

There are many different NaN values with different sign bits and payloads, see std::nan and std::numeric_limits::quiet_NaN.

NaN values never compare equal to themselves or to other NaN values. Copying a NaN is not required, by IEEE-754, to preserve its bit representation (sign and payload), though most implementation do.

Another way to test if a floating-point value is NaN is to compare it with itself: bool is_nan(double x) { return x != x; }

[edit] Example

#include <iostream>
#include <cmath>
#include <cfloat>
 
int main()
{
    std::cout << std::boolalpha
              << "isnan(NaN) = " << std::isnan(NAN) << '\n'
              << "isnan(Inf) = " << std::isnan(INFINITY) << '\n'
              << "isnan(0.0) = " << std::isnan(0.0) << '\n'
              << "isnan(DBL_MIN/2.0) = " << std::isnan(DBL_MIN/2.0) << '\n'
              << "isnan(0.0 / 0.0)   = " << std::isnan(0.0/0.0) << '\n'
              << "isnan(Inf - Inf)   = " << std::isnan(INFINITY - INFINITY) << '\n';
}

Output:

isnan(NaN) = true
isnan(Inf) = false
isnan(0.0) = false
isnan(DBL_MIN/2.0) = false
isnan(0.0 / 0.0)   = true
isnan(Inf - Inf)   = true

[edit] See also

(C++11)(C++11)(C++11)
not-a-number (NaN)
(function) [edit]
categorizes the given floating point value
(function) [edit]
(C++11)
checks if the given number has finite value
(function) [edit]
(C++11)
checks if the given number is infinite
(function) [edit]
(C++11)
checks if the given number is normal
(function) [edit]
checks if two floating-point values are unordered
(function) [edit]
C documentation for isnan