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std::basic_string::basic_string

From cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | string‎ | basic string
 
 
 
std::basic_string
 
(1)
explicit basic_string( const Allocator& alloc = Allocator() );
(until C++14)
basic_string() : basic_string( Allocator() ) {}
explicit basic_string( const Allocator& alloc );
(since C++14)
basic_string( size_type count,

              CharT ch,

              const Allocator& alloc = Allocator() );
(2)
basic_string( const basic_string& other,

              size_type pos,
              size_type count = std::basic_string::npos,

              const Allocator& alloc = Allocator() );
(3)
basic_string( const CharT* s,

              size_type count,

              const Allocator& alloc = Allocator() );
(4)
basic_string( const CharT* s,
              const Allocator& alloc = Allocator() );
(5)
template< class InputIt >

basic_string( InputIt first, InputIt last,

              const Allocator& alloc = Allocator() );
(6)
basic_string( const basic_string& other );
(7)
basic_string( const basic_string& other, const Allocator& alloc );
(7) (since C++11)
basic_string( basic_string&& other )
(8) (since C++11)
basic_string( basic_string&& other, const Allocator& alloc );
(8) (since C++11)
basic_string( std::initializer_list<CharT> init,
              const Allocator& alloc = Allocator() );
(9) (since C++11)

Constructs new string from a variety of data sources and optionally using user supplied allocator alloc.

1) Default constructor. Constructs empty string (zero size and unspecified capacity)
2) Constructs the string with count copies of character ch. The behavior is undefined if count >= npos
3) Constructs the string with a substring [pos, pos+count) of other. If the requested substring lasts past the end of the string, or if count == npos, the resulting substring is [pos, size()).
4) Constructs the string with the first count characters of character string pointed to by s. s can contain null characters. The behavior is undefined if s does not point at an array of at least count elements of CharT.
5) Constructs the string with the contents initialized with a copy of the null-terminated character string pointed to by s. The length of the string is determined by the first null character. The behavior is undefined if s does not point at an array of at least Traits::length(s)+1 elements of CharT.
6) Constructs the string with the contents of the range [first, last). This constructor does not participate in overload resolution if InputIt does not satisfy InputIterator.(since C++11)
7) Copy constructor. Constructs the string with the copy of the contents of other.
8) Move constructor. Constructs the string with the contents of other using move semantics. other is left in valid, but unspecified state.
9) Constructs the string with the contents of the initializer list init.

Contents

[edit] Parameters

alloc - allocator to use for all memory allocations of this string
count - size of the resulting string
ch - value to initialize the string with
first, last - range to copy the characters from
s - pointer to a character string to use
as source to initialize the string with
other - another string to use as source to initialize the string with
init - initializer list to initialize the string with
Type requirements
-
InputIt must meet the requirements of InputIterator.

[edit] Complexity

1) constant

2-4) linear in count

5) linear in length of s

6) linear in distance between first and last

7) linear in size of other

8) constant. If alloc is given and alloc != other.get_allocator(), then linear.

9) linear in size of init

[edit] Exceptions

3) std::out_of_range if pos > other.size()
8) Throws nothing if alloc == str.get_allocator()

[edit] Example

[edit] See also

assign characters to a string
(public member function) [edit]
assigns values to the string
(public member function) [edit]