Namespaces
Variants
Views
Actions

std::isdigit

From cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | string‎ | byte
Defined in header <cctype>
int isdigit( int ch );

Checks if the given character is one of the 10 decimal digits: 0123456789.

The behavior is undefined if the value of ch is not representable as unsigned char and is not equal to EOF.

Contents

[edit] Parameters

ch - character to classify

[edit] Return value

Non-zero value if the character is a numeric character, zero otherwise.

[edit] Notes

isdigit and isxdigit are the only standard narrow character classification functions that are not affected by the currently installed C locale. although some implementations (e.g. Microsoft in 1252 codepage) may classify additional single-byte characters as digits.

Like all other functions from <cctype>, the behavior of std::isdigit is undefined if the argument's value is neither representable as unsigned char nor equal to EOF. To use these functions safely with plain chars (or signed chars), the argument should first be converted to unsigned char:

bool my_isdigit(char ch)
{
    return std::isdigit(static_cast<unsigned char>(ch));
}

Similarly, they should not be directly used with standard algorithms when the iterator's value type is char or signed char. Instead, convert the value to unsigned char first:

int count_digits(const std::string& s)
{
    return std::count_if(s.begin(), s.end(), 
                      // static_cast<int(*)(int)>(std::isdigit)         // wrong
                      // [](int c){ return std::isdigit(c); }           // wrong
                      // [](char c){ return std::isdigit(c); }          // wrong
                         [](unsigned char c){ return std::isdigit(c); } // correct
                        );
}

[edit] See also

checks if a character is classified as a digit by a locale
(function template) [edit]
checks if a wide character is a digit
(function) [edit]
C documentation for isdigit
ASCII values
(hex)
characters

iscntrl
iswcntrl

isprint
iswprint

isspace
iswspace

isblank
iswblank

isgraph
iswgraph

ispunct
iswpunct

isalnum
iswalnum

isalpha
iswalpha

isupper
iswupper

islower
iswlower

isdigit
iswdigit

isxdigit
iswxdigit

0 - 8 0x00-0x08 control codes (NUL, etc.) ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9 0x09 tab (\t) ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10 - 13 0x0A-0x0D whitespaces (\n,\v,\f,\r) ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
14 - 31 0x0E-0x1F control codes ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
32 0x20 space 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
33 - 47 0x21-0x2F !"#$%&'()*+,-./ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
48 - 57 0x30-0x39 0123456789 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0
58 - 64 0x3a-0x40 :;<=>?@ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
65 - 70 0x41-0x46 ABCDEF 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0
71 - 90 0x47-0x5A GHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0
91 - 96 0x5B-0x60 [\]^_` 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
97 -102 0x61-0x66 abcdef 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0
103-122 0x67-0x7A ghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0
123-126 0x7B-0x7E {|}~ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
127 0x7F backspace character (DEL) ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0