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std::shared_timed_mutex

From cppreference.com
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Thread support library
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Mutual exclusion
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shared_timed_mutex
(C++14)
Generic lock management
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Defined in header <shared_mutex>
class shared_timed_mutex;
(since C++14)

The shared_timed_mutex class is a synchronization primitive that can be used to protect shared data from being simultaneously accessed by multiple threads. In contrast to other mutex types which facilitate exclusive access, a shared_timed_mutex has two levels of access:

  • shared - several threads can share ownership of the same mutex.
  • exclusive - only one thread can own the mutex.

Shared mutexes are usually used in situations, when multiple readers can access the same resource at the same time without causing data races, but only one writer can do so.

In a manner similar to timed_mutex, shared_timed_mutex provides the ability to attempt to claim ownership of a shared_timed_mutex with a timeout via the try_lock_for(), try_lock_until(), try_lock_shared_for(), try_lock_shared_until() methods.

The shared_timed_mutex class satisfies all requirements of SharedTimedMutex and StandardLayoutType.

[edit] Member functions

constructs the mutex
(public member function) [edit]
destroys the mutex
(public member function) [edit]
operator=
[deleted]
not copy-assignable
(public member function) [edit]
Exclusive locking
locks the mutex, blocks if the mutex is not available
(public member function) [edit]
tries to lock the mutex, returns if the mutex is not available
(public member function) [edit]
tries to lock the mutex, returns if the mutex has been
unavailable for the specified timeout duration
(public member function) [edit]
tries to lock the mutex, returns if the mutex has been
unavailable until specified time point has been reached
(public member function) [edit]
unlocks the mutex
(public member function) [edit]
Shared locking
locks the mutex for shared ownership, blocks if the mutex is not available
(public member function) [edit]
tries to lock the mutex for shared ownership, returns if the mutex is not available
(public member function) [edit]
tries to lock the mutex for shared ownership, returns if the mutex has been
unavailable for the specified timeout duration
(public member function) [edit]
tries to lock the mutex for shared ownership, returns if the mutex has been
unavailable until specified time point has been reached
(public member function) [edit]
unlocks the mutex (shared ownership)
(public member function) [edit]


A copy assignment operator for a class that holds resources that can handle multiple readers, but only one writer

class R
{
    mutable std::shared_timed_mutex mut;
    /* data */
public:
    R& operator=(const R& other)
    {
        // requires exclusive ownership to write to *this
        std::unique_lock<std::shared_timed_mutex> lhs(mut, std::defer_lock);
        // requires shared ownership to read from other
        std::shared_lock<std::shared_timed_mutex> rhs(other.mut, std::defer_lock);
        std::lock(lhs, rhs);
        /* assign data */
        return *this;
    }
}