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std::is_assignable, std::is_trivially_assignable, std::is_nothrow_assignable

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is_assignableis_trivially_assignableis_nothrow_assignable
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Defined in header <type_traits>
template< class T, class U >
struct is_assignable;
(1) (since C++11)
template< class T, class U >
struct is_trivially_assignable;
(2) (since C++11)
template< class T, class U >
struct is_nothrow_assignable;
(3) (since C++11)
1) If the expression std::declval<T>() = std::declval<U>() is well-formed in unevaluated context, provides the member constant value equal true. Otherwise, value is false. The types T and U must be complete object types, cv void or arrays of unknown bound. Access checks are performed as if from a context unrelated to either type.
2) same as (1), but evaluation of the assignment expression will not call any operation that is not trivial.
3) same as (1), but the evaluation of the assignment expression will not call any operation that is not noexcept.

Contents

Inherited from std::integral_constant

Member constants

value
[static]
true if T is assignable from U , false otherwise
(public static member constant)

Member functions

operator bool
converts the object to bool, returns value
(public member function)
operator()
(C++14)
returns value
(public member function)

Member types

Type Definition
value_type bool
type std::integral_constant<bool, value>

[edit] Notes

This trait does not check anything outside the immediate context of the assignment expression: if the use of T or U would trigger template specializations, generation of implicitly-defined special member functions etc, and those have errors, the actual assignment may not compile even if std::is_assignable<T,U>::value compiles and evaluates to true.

[edit] Example

#include <iostream>
#include <string>
#include <type_traits>
struct Ex1 { int n; };
int main() {
    std::cout << std::boolalpha
              << "int is assignable from int? "
              << std::is_assignable<int, int>::value << '\n' // 1 = 1; wouldn't compile
              << "int& is assignable from int? "
              << std::is_assignable<int&, int>::value << '\n' // int a; a = 1; works
              << "int is assignable from double? "
              << std::is_assignable<int, double>::value << '\n'
              << "int& is nothrow assignable from double? "
              << std::is_nothrow_assignable<int&, double>::value << '\n'
              << "string is assignable from double? "
              << std::is_assignable<std::string, double>::value << '\n'
              << "Ex1& is trivially assignable from const Ex1&? "
              << std::is_trivially_assignable<Ex1&, const Ex1&>::value << '\n';
}

Output:

int is assignable from int? false
int& is assignable from int? true
int is assignable from double? false
int& is nothrow assignable from double? true
string is assignable from double? true
Ex1& is trivially assignable from const Ex1&? true

[edit] See also

checks if a type has a copy assignment operator
(class template) [edit]
checks if a type has a move assignment operator
(class template) [edit]
(library fundamentals TS)
variable template alias of std::is_assignable::value
(variable template) [edit]
variable template alias of std::is_trivially_assignable::value
(variable template) [edit]
variable template alias of std::is_nothrow_assignable::value
(variable template) [edit]