Namespaces
Variants
Views
Actions

std::underlying_type

From cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | types
 
 
 
Type support
Basic types
Fundamental types
Fixed width integer types (C++11)
Numeric limits
C numeric limits interface
Runtime type information
Type traits
Primary type categories
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
Type properties
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++14)
Supported operations
Relationships and property queries
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
Type modifications
(C++11)(C++11)(C++11)
Type transformations
(C++11)
(C++11)
underlying_type
(C++11)
(C++11)
Type trait constants
 
Defined in header <type_traits>
template< class T >
struct underlying_type;
(since C++11)

Defines a member typedef type of type that is the underlying type for the enumeration T.

Contents

[edit] Member types

Name Definition
type the underlying type for T

[edit] Helper types

template< class T >
using underlying_type_t = typename underlying_type<T>::type;
(since C++14)

[edit] Notes

Each enumeration type has an underlying type, which can be

1. Specified explicitly (both scoped and unscoped enumerations)

2. Omitted, in which case it is int for scoped enumerations or an implementation-defined integral type capable of representing all values of the enum (for unscoped enumerations)

[edit] Example

#include <iostream>
#include <type_traits>
 
enum e1 {};
enum class e2: int {};
 
int main() {
    bool e1_type = std::is_same<
        unsigned
       ,typename std::underlying_type<e1>::type
    >::value; 
 
    bool e2_type = std::is_same<
        int
       ,typename std::underlying_type<e2>::type
    >::value;
 
    std::cout
    << "underlying type for 'e1' is " << (e1_type?"unsigned":"non-unsigned") << '\n'
    << "underlying type for 'e2' is " << (e2_type?"int":"non-int") << '\n';
}

Output:

underlying type for 'e1' is unsigned
underlying type for 'e2' is int