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std::partial_ordering

From cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | utility
Defined in header <compare>
class partial_ordering;
(since C++20)

The class type std::partial_ordering is the result type of a three-way comparison that

  • admits all six relational operators (==, !=, <, <=, >, >=)
  • does not imply substitutability: if a is equivalent to b, f(a) may not be equivalent to f(b), where f denotes a function that reads only comparison-salient state that is accessible via the argument's public const members. In other words, equivalent values may be distinguishable.
  • admits incomparable values: a < b, a == b, and a > b may all be false

Contents

[edit] Constants

The type std::partial_ordering has four valid values, implemented as const static data members of its type:

Member constant Definition
less(inline constexpr)
[static]
a valid value of the type std::partial_ordering indicating less-than (ordered before) relationship
(public static member constant)
equivalent(inline constexpr)
[static]
a valid value of the type std::partial_ordering indicating equivalence (neither ordered before nor ordered after)
(public static member constant)
greater(inline constexpr)
[static]
a valid value of the type std::partial_ordering indicating greater-than (ordered after) relationship
(public static member constant)
unordered(inline constexpr)
[static]
a valid value of the type std::partial_ordering indicating relationship with an incomparable value
(public static member constant)

[edit] Conversions

std::partial_ordering is implicitly-convertible to std::weak_equality, while both std::strong_ordering and std::weak_ordering are implicitly-convertible to partial_ordering.

operator weak_equality
implicit conversion to std::weak_equality
(public member function)

std::partial_ordering::operator weak_equality

constexpr operator weak_equality() const noexcept;

Return value

std::weak_equality::equivalent if v is equivalent, std::weak_equality::nonequivalent if v is less, greater, or unordered.

[edit] Comparisons

Comparison operators are defined between values of this type and literal zero. This supports the expressions a <=> b == 0 or a <=> b < 0 that can be used to convert the result of a three-way comparison operator to a boolean relationship; see std::is_eq, std::is_lt, etc

operator==operator!=operator<operator>operator<=operator>=
compares with zero
(function)

operator==

friend constexpr bool operator==(partial_ordering v, /*unspecified*/ u) noexcept;
friend constexpr bool operator==(/*unspecified*/ u, partial_ordering v) noexcept;

Parameters

v - a std::partial_ordering value to check
u - an unused parameter of any type that accepts literal zero argument

Return value

true if v is equivalent, false if v is less, greater, or unordered

operator!=

friend constexpr bool operator!=(partial_ordering v, /*unspecified*/ u) noexcept;
friend constexpr bool operator!=(/*unspecified*/ u, partial_ordering v) noexcept;

Parameters

v - a std::partial_ordering value to check
u - an unused parameter of any type that accepts literal zero argument

Return value

true if v is unordered, less, or greater, and false if v is equivalent

operator<

friend constexpr bool operator<(partial_ordering v, /*unspecified*/ u) noexcept;
friend constexpr bool operator<(/*unspecified*/ u, partial_ordering v) noexcept;

Parameters

v - a std::partial_ordering value to check
u - an unused parameter of any type that accepts literal zero argument

Return value

true if v is less, and false if v is greater, equivalent, or unordered

operator<=

friend constexpr bool operator<=(partial_ordering v, /*unspecified*/ u) noexcept;
friend constexpr bool operator<=(/*unspecified*/ u, partial_ordering v) noexcept;

Parameters

v - a std::partial_ordering value to check
u - an unused parameter of any type that accepts literal zero argument

Return value

true if v is less or equivalent, and false if v is greater or unordered

operator>

friend constexpr bool operator>(partial_ordering v, /*unspecified*/ u) noexcept;
friend constexpr bool operator>(/*unspecified*/ u, partial_ordering v) noexcept;

Parameters

v - a std::partial_ordering value to check
u - an unused parameter of any type that accepts literal zero argument

Return value

true if v is greater, and false if v is less, equivalent, or unordered

operator>=

friend constexpr bool operator>=(partial_ordering v, /*unspecified*/ u) noexcept;
friend constexpr bool operator>=(/*unspecified*/ u, partial_ordering v) noexcept;

Parameters

v - a std::partial_ordering value to check
u - an unused parameter of any type that accepts literal zero argument

Return value

true if v is greater or equivalent, and false if v is less or unordered

[edit] Notes

The built-in operator <=> between floating-point values uses this ordering: the positive zero and the negative zero compare equivalent, but can be distinguished, and NaN values compare unordered with any other value.

[edit] Example

[edit] See also

the result type of 3-way comparison that supports all 6 operators and is substitutable
(class) [edit]
the result type of 3-way comparison that supports all 6 operators and is not substitutable
(class) [edit]
the result type of 3-way comparison that supports only equality/inequality and is substitutable
(class) [edit]
the result type of 3-way comparison that supports only equality/inequality and is not substitutable
(class) [edit]