# mbrtoc8

< c‎ | string‎ | multibyte

Null-terminated multibyte strings
Wide/multibyte conversions
(C95)
 mbstowcsmbstowcs_s(C11) btowc(C95) mbrtowc(C95) mbsrtowcsmbsrtowcs_s(C95)(C11) mbrtoc8(C23) c8rtomb(C23) mbrtoc16(C11) c16rtomb(C11) c32rtomb(C11) mbrtoc32(C11)
 mblen mbtowc wctombwctomb_s(C11) wcstombswcstombs_s(C11) wctob(C95) wcrtombwcrtomb_s(C95)(C11) wcsrtombswcsrtombs_s(C95)(C11) mbrlen(C95)
Types

 Defined in header  size_t mbrtoc8( char8_t* pc8, const char* s, size_t n, mbstate_t* ps ); (since C23)

Converts a narrow multibyte character to UTF-8 encoding.

If s is not a null pointer, inspects at most n bytes of the multibyte character string, beginning with the byte pointed to by s to determine the number of bytes necessary to complete the next multibyte character (including any shift sequences). If the function determines that the next multibyte character in s is complete and valid, converts it to UTF-8 and stores the first UTF-8 code unit in *pc8 (if pc8 is not null).

If UTF-8 encoding of the multibyte character in *s consists of more than one UTF-8 code unit, then after the first call to this function, *ps is updated in such a way that the next call to mbrtoc8 will write out the additional UTF-8 code units, without considering *s.

If s is a null pointer, the values of n and pc8 are ignored and the call is equivalent to mbrtoc8(nullptr, "", 1, ps).

If UTF-8 code unit produced is u8'\0', the conversion state *ps represents the initial shift state.

The multibyte encoding used by this function is specified by the currently active C locale.

## Contents

### Parameters

 pc8 - pointer to the location where the resulting UTF-8 code units will be written s - pointer to the multibyte character string used as input n - limit on the number of bytes in s that can be examined ps - pointer to the conversion state object used when interpreting the multibyte string

### Return value

The first of the following that applies:

• 0 if the character converted from s (and stored in *pc8 if non-null) was the null character
• the number of bytes [1...n] of the multibyte character successfully converted from s
• (size_t)-3 if the next UTF-8 code unit from a character whose encoding consists of multiple code units has now been written to *pc8. No bytes are processed from the input in this case.
• (size_t)-2 if the next n bytes constitute an incomplete, but so far valid, multibyte character. Nothing is written to *pc8.
• (size_t)-1 if encoding error occurs. Nothing is written to *pc8, the value EILSEQ is stored in errno and the value of *ps is unspecified.