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std::iter_swap

From cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | algorithm
 
 
Algorithm library
Constrained algorithms and algorithms on ranges (C++20)
Constrained algorithms: std::ranges::copy, std::ranges::sort, ...
Execution policies (C++17)
Non-modifying sequence operations
(C++11)(C++11)(C++11)
(C++17)
Modifying sequence operations
Operations on uninitialized storage
Partitioning operations
Sorting operations
(C++11)
Binary search operations
Set operations (on sorted ranges)
Heap operations
(C++11)
Minimum/maximum operations
(C++11)
(C++17)

Permutations
Numeric operations
C library
 
Defined in header <algorithm>
template< class ForwardIt1, class ForwardIt2 >
void iter_swap( ForwardIt1 a, ForwardIt2 b );
(until C++20)
template< class ForwardIt1, class ForwardIt2 >
constexpr void iter_swap( ForwardIt1 a, ForwardIt2 b );
(since C++20)

Swaps the values of the elements the given iterators are pointing to.

Contents

[edit] Parameters

a, b - iterators to the elements to swap
Type requirements
-
ForwardIt1, ForwardIt2 must meet the requirements of LegacyForwardIterator.
-
*a, *b must meet the requirements of Swappable.

[edit] Return value

(none)

[edit] Complexity

constant

[edit] Possible implementation

template<class ForwardIt1, class ForwardIt2>
constexpr void iter_swap(ForwardIt1 a, ForwardIt2 b) // constexpr since C++20
{
   using std::swap;
   swap(*a, *b);
}

[edit] Example

The following is an implementation of selection sort in C++.

#include <random>
#include <vector>
#include <iostream>
#include <algorithm>
#include <functional>
 
template<class ForwardIt>
void selection_sort(ForwardIt begin, ForwardIt end)
{
    for (ForwardIt i = begin; i != end; ++i)
        std::iter_swap(i, std::min_element(i, end));
}
 
int main()
{
    std::random_device rd;
    std::mt19937 gen(rd());
    std::uniform_int_distribution<> dist(-9, +9);
    std::vector<int> v;
    std::generate_n(back_inserter(v), 20, bind(dist, gen));
 
    std::cout << "Before sort: " << std::showpos;
    for(auto e : v) std::cout << e << ' ';
 
    selection_sort(v.begin(), v.end());
 
    std::cout << "\nAfter sort : ";
    for(auto e : v) std::cout << e << ' ';
    std::cout << '\n';
}

Possible output:

Before sort: -9 -3 +2 -8 +0 -1 +8 -4 -5 +1 -4 -5 +4 -9 -8 -6 -6 +8 -4 -6 
After sort : -9 -9 -8 -8 -6 -6 -6 -5 -5 -4 -4 -4 -3 -1 +0 +1 +2 +4 +8 +8

[edit] See also

swaps the values of two objects
(function template) [edit]
swaps two ranges of elements
(function template) [edit]
(C++20)
swap the values referenced by two dereferenceable objects
(customization point object) [edit]