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std::ranges::fill

From cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | algorithm‎ | ranges
 
 
Algorithm library
Constrained algorithms and algorithms on ranges (C++20)
Constrained algorithms, e.g. ranges::copy, ranges::sort, ...
Execution policies (C++17)
Non-modifying sequence operations
Batch operations
(C++17)
Search operations
(C++11)                (C++11)(C++11)

Modifying sequence operations
Copy operations
(C++11)
(C++11)
Swap operations
Transformation operations
Generation operations
Removing operations
Order-changing operations
(until C++17)(C++11)
(C++20)(C++20)
Sampling operations
(C++17)

Sorting and related operations
Partitioning operations
Sorting operations
Binary search operations
(on partitioned ranges)
Set operations (on sorted ranges)
Merge operations (on sorted ranges)
Heap operations
Minimum/maximum operations
(C++11)
(C++17)
Lexicographical comparison operations
Permutation operations
C library
Numeric operations
Operations on uninitialized memory
 
Constrained algorithms
All names in this menu belong to namespace std::ranges
Non-modifying sequence operations
Modifying sequence operations
Partitioning operations
Sorting operations
Binary search operations (on sorted ranges)
       
       
Set operations (on sorted ranges)
Heap operations
Minimum/maximum operations
       
       
Permutation operations
Fold operations
Numeric operations
(C++23)            
Operations on uninitialized storage
Return types
 
Defined in header <algorithm>
Call signature
(1)
template< class T, std::output_iterator<const T&> O, std::sentinel_for<O> S >
constexpr O fill( O first, S last, const T& value );
(since C++20)
(until C++26)
template< class O, std::sentinel_for<O> S, class T = std::iter_value_t<O> >

requires std::output_iterator<O, const T&>

constexpr O fill( O first, S last, const T& value );
(since C++26)
(2)
template< class T, ranges::output_range<const T&> R >
constexpr ranges::borrowed_iterator_t<R> fill( R&& r, const T& value );
(since C++20)
(until C++26)
template< class R, class T = std::range_value_t<R> >

requires ranges::output_range<R, const T&>

constexpr ranges::borrowed_iterator_t<R> fill( R&& r, const T& value );
(since C++26)
1) Assigns the given value to the elements in the range [firstlast).
2) Same as (1), but uses r as the source range, as if using ranges::begin(r) as first and ranges::end(r) as last.

The function-like entities described on this page are niebloids, that is:

In practice, they may be implemented as function objects, or with special compiler extensions.

Contents

[edit] Parameters

first, last - the range of elements to modify
r - the range of elements to modify
value - the value to be assigned

[edit] Return value

An output iterator that compares equal to last.

[edit] Complexity

Exactly last - first assignments.

[edit] Possible implementation

struct fill_fn
{
    template<class O, std::sentinel_for<O> S, class T = std::iter_value_t<O>>
    requires std::output_iterator<O, const T&>
    constexpr O operator()(O first, S last, const T& value) const
    {
        while (first != last)
            *first++ = value;
 
        return first;
    }
 
    template<class R, class T = std::range_value_t<R>>
    requires ranges::output_range<R, const T&>
    constexpr ranges::borrowed_iterator_t<R> operator()(R&& r, const T& value) const
    {
        return (*this)(ranges::begin(r), ranges::end(r), value);
    }
};
 
inline constexpr fill_fn fill;

[edit] Notes

Feature-test macro Value Std Feature
__cpp_lib_algorithm_default_value_type 202403 (C++26) List-initialization for algorithms (1,2)

[edit] Example

#include <algorithm>
#include <complex>
#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
 
void println(const auto& seq)
{
    for (const auto& e : seq)
        std::cout << e << ' ';
    std::cout << '\n';
}
 
int main()
{
    std::vector<int> v{0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5};
 
    // set all elements to -1 using overload (1)
    std::ranges::fill(v.begin(), v.end(), -1);
    println(v);
 
    // set all element to 10 using overload (2)
    std::ranges::fill(v, 10);
    println(v);
 
    std::vector<std::complex<double>> nums{{1, 3}, {2, 2}, {4, 8}};
    println(nums);
    #ifdef __cpp_lib_algorithm_default_value_type
        std::ranges::fill(nums, {4, 2}); // T gets deduced
    #else
        std::ranges::fill(nums, std::complex<double>{4, 2});
    #endif
    println(nums);
}

Output:

-1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1
10 10 10 10 10 10
(1,3) (2,2) (4,8)
(4,2) (4,2) (4,2)

[edit] See also

assigns a value to a number of elements
(niebloid)[edit]
copies a range of elements to a new location
(niebloid)[edit]
saves the result of a function in a range
(niebloid)[edit]
applies a function to a range of elements
(niebloid)[edit]
fills a range with random numbers from a uniform random bit generator
(niebloid)[edit]
copy-assigns the given value to every element in a range
(function template) [edit]